Dolukhanova Zara Alexandrovna( People's Artist of USSR, State Prize laureate)
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Biography Dolukhanova Zara Alexandrovna
Born March 15, 1918 in Moscow. Father - Makaryan Agassi Markovich. Mother - Helen Makaryan Gaykovna. Sister - Dagmara Alexandrovna. Sons: Michael Dolukhanyan, sound Sergey. Grandchildren: Alexander, Igor.
Zara's mother had a rare beautiful voice. She attended the singing at the AV Yurieva known soloist in the past, fellow member and friend Nezhdanova, and taught her piano art very young in those years VV Autograph, in the future prima donna of the Bolshoi Theater. Father was a mechanical engineer, loved music, self-mastered playing the violin and piano, was an amateur flutist Symphony Orchestra. Thus, both daughters of talented parents, Dagmar and Zara, from the first days of life existed in an atmosphere saturated with music from an early age introduced to the genuine musical culture. With five little Zara began taking piano lessons at O.N.Karandashevoy-Yakovleva, and at ten years old was admitted to a children's music school named Igumnov. For the third year of training under the guidance of their teacher SN Nikiforova played sonatas of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Bach Preludes and Fugues. Soon Zara moved to violin class, and a year later became a student Gnesin Music School, which been studying from 1933 to 1938.
In college her musical mentor was an outstanding master who trained a whole galaxy of famous violinists-winners, Peter Abramovich Bondarenko, professor of the Institute Gnesin and Conservatory. Finally, sixteen Zara, partaking first two instrumental occupations, found its primary path. Merit in this chamber singer and teacher V.M.Belyaevoy-Tarasevich. Teacher, with the beautiful and natural breasts sounded notes, identified her voice as a mezzo-soprano. Classes with Vera Manuilovnoy helped future singer's voice to get stronger, have laid a solid foundation for further intensive development.
Years of study of Zara in the music college coincided with the rise of domestic composing and performing school. At the Conservatory, and the Hall of Columns, along with local artists, the foreign celebrities, artists of the older generation succeeded the young winners in the future, fellow singer. But so far, in the 30 years, she could not even think about the professional stage and differed from their colleagues - except that beginning students a greater capacity for work and seriousness, irrepressible thirst for new experiences. From domestic singers Dawn in those years were the closest NA Obukhov, MP Maksakova, VA Davydova, N. J. Spiller, S. Ya Lemeshev. Recent instrumentalist, young Zara drew the rich emotional experience and at concerts violinists, pianists, chamber ensembles.
Professional growth of Zara Alexandrovna, growth and improvement of skills were associated not with the institution. Not graduating from college, she went to Yerevan for personal reasons - met with Alexander Pavlovich Doluhanyanom, young, beautiful, talented, love and marriage have dramatically changed the habitual rhythm of life neat, diligent student. Education was interrupted shortly before the final exams. Dolukhanyan assumed the functions of the teacher-singer, and persuaded his wife in the family preference option "Conservatory, . especially, . that he was a man in the highest degree of expertise in vocal and technological issues, . who knew and loved to engage with the singers, . besides erudite, . Musician large scale, . always convinced of his rightness,
. He graduated from the Leningrad Conservatory as a pianist, and in 1935, and still graduate from SI Savshinskogo, the prominent professor, head of the department, and soon after his marriage began to improve in composition from Miaskovsky. Already in Yerevan, leading to the conservatory piano and chamber classes Dolukhanyan a lot of concerts in the ensemble with a young Paul Lisitsian. Zara Alexandrovna remembers this period of life, given away creativity, skill accumulation, as a happy and fruitful
. Since the autumn of 1938 in Yerevan singer inadvertently gained access to the theatrical life and felt feverish atmosphere of preparation for the decade of the Armenian art in Moscow, . experiencing for their relatives - the forum participants: after a year before her marriage to Doluhanyanom married a rising star of the Armenian scene - baritone Lisitsian - left the elder sister Dagmar,
. Both families in full force in October 1939 went to Moscow for ten days. And soon she became a soloist of Yerevan Zara Theater.
Dolukhanova acted as Duniasha in "The Tsar's Bride, Pauline in The Queen of Spades. Both operas were conducted by MA Tavriziana, artist strict and exacting. Participation in his productions - a serious test, the first test of the maturity. After a brief interruption due to child birth and held with her husband in Moscow, Zara Alexandrovna returned to Yerevan theater, it was early in the war, and continued to work on operatic roles, mezzo-soprano repertoire. The musical life of the capital of Armenia at that time flowed with great intensity at the expense of outstanding musicians who were evacuated in Yerevan. The young singer who had to learn, not slowing his creative growth. For several seasons of work in Yerevan Zara Dolukhanova produced and sang the part of the Countess de Ceprano and pages in "Rigoletto," Emilia in "Othello", the second girl in the "Anush" Gayane in Almast ", Olga in Eugene Onegin". And suddenly at the age of twenty-six years - farewell to the theater! PochemuN At this mysterious question answered first, sensing the impending change, the then chief conductor of the Yerevan Opera Mikael Tavrizian. In late 1943, he clearly felt a qualitative leap made by a young artist in the development of executive technology, said a special luster coloratura, new paint tone. It became clear that the poet was already a formed artist, who was waiting for a bright future, but hardly associated with the theater, but rather with concert activity. According to the singer, chamber singing gave her space to the individual interpretation of the draft and free, unrestricted work on vocal perfection.
The pursuit of vocal excellence - one of the main concerns of the singer. This is achieved primarily in the performance of A. and D. Scarlatti, A. Caldarium, B. Marcello, J. Pergolesi and others. Recordings of these works can be an indispensable learning tool for singers. More clearly the class of all the singer revealed in the performance of works by Bach and Handel. In concerts Zara Dolukhanova sounded vocal loops and works by F. Schubert, R. Schumann, Liszt, Brahms, Richard Strauss and Mozart, Beethoven, Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Sviridov and others. Russian chamber music in the repertoire of singers devoted entire detailed program. Among contemporary composers Zara Alexandrovna performed more work SHAPORINA Yu, R. Shchedrin, Prokofiev, A. Dolukhanyan, M. Tariverdiyeva, V. Gavrilin, Kabalevsky and others.
Artistic activities Dolukhanova covers the period of forty. She sang in the best concert halls in Europe, North and South America, Asia, Australia and New Zealand. In most major music centers of the world the singer in concert regularly and with great success.
Arts ZA Dolukhanova highly rated in the country and abroad. In 1951 she was awarded the State Prize for the outstanding concert and performing activities. In 1952 she was awarded the title of Honored Artist of Armenia, and then, in 1955 - People's Artist of Armenia,. In 1956, ZA Dolukhanova - People's Artist of the RSFSR. February 6 Paul Robeson Dolukhanova awarded a Certificate of Merit, awarded the World Peace Council in connection with a decade of global peace movement "For outstanding contribution to strengthening peace and friendship between peoples". In 1966, the first of the Soviet singers Z. Dolukhanova was awarded the Lenin Prize. In 1990, she received the honorary title of People's Artist of the USSR. About inextinguishable interest in its creative interpretation and the fact that, for example, only for the period from 1990 to 1995, "Tune", "Monitor", "Austro Mechana" and "Russian Disc" in the light were released eight CD-ROMs.
At Zara Alexandrovna about thirty students, many of them have themselves become teachers. He is Assistant Professor at the Academy of Music and leads the class in Gnesin Institute and actively participates in music competitions jury.
Very busy painting. In her paintings have a fresh breath of life, they adorn her house.
Lives and works in Moscow.