Svetlanov, Yevgeny Fyodorovich( People's Artist of USSR, Hero of Socialist Labor, laureate of Lenin and State prizes)
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Biography Svetlanov, Yevgeny Fyodorovich
The whole life of one of the greatest conductors of our time is connected with the music, which he began to seriously engage with the six.
Evgeny Svetlanov belongs to the creator of genius, not only the XX century, but the entire history of the world of music. A musician of rare talent of scale, he became the personification of all Russia's cultural expression of universal spiritual values. Creativity Svetlanov today is the province of all mankind. Acquainted with him millions of listeners world. Meetings with his own eyes or the art of audio and video recordings are basic human needs, source of inspiration, giving joy and vitality. Personality and creativity Svetlanov cover many spheres of human activity. He is talented in all - as a conductor, composer, pianist, writer, theorist, critic, social activist, educator, reviewer. He has written over 150 articles, essays, essays. How deeply and subtly examines and analyzes it works classics, contemporaries, musicians colleagues.
But throughout his many years of creative work important thing for him music, he - her all-powerful ruler, and he is - her selfless servant. Svetlanov himself recognizes that the world outside of music for him there. "The legendary maestro," as he called foreign critics, was awarded the highest prizes of Russia: he is the Hero of Socialist Labor, People's Artist of USSR, Lenin Prize, State Prize of the USSR and the RSFSR behalf MI. Glinka, holder of decorations and medals, including three of the Order of Lenin and two Order of Merit to the Fatherland "(III and II degree). He also won universal recognition and many awards abroad: Honorary Academician of the Royal Swedish Academy, honorary academician of the Academy of Arts and the U.S. etc..
Evgeny Svetlanov was born Sept. 6, 1928 in a family of opera soloists of the Bolshoi Theater. Father - Svetlanov, Fyodor Petrovich. Mother - Svetlanov Tatiana. All childhood E. Svetlanov was associated with the main theater of the country. The constant presence at performances and rehearsals, classes in the children's choir and participated in the operas, then work in the expressionless ensemble theater, of course, influenced his further fate. "Since that time, as I remember myself, I was quite clear that the conductor, I could not not be," - later recalled E. Svetlanov. One day, while, as usual, in the theater and heard the music, he climbed on a chair and began waving his arms, imagining himself as conductor. Nearby were Antonina V. Nezhdanova and Nikolai S. Golovanov. They laughed heartily at the sight of this spectacle, and Golovanov, affectionately patting the boy on the shoulder, prophetically remarked: "Well, from this sight will be conducted".
This prophecy was fulfilled happy. After high school E. Svetlanov enters the Musical Pedagogical Institute Gnesin, and, graduating in 1951 became a student of conducting faculty of the Moscow State Conservatory named after PI. Tchaikovsky. "I was prompted to do conducting determination to revive undeservedly forgotten works, and above all the Russian classics" - explained the choice of profession a young student, his teacher, Professor Alexander Vasilyevich Gauk.
As a student of Musical-Pedagogical Institute Gnesin, E. Svetlanov began his career as a pianist and in this field has proved a most vivid personality. His Doers struck deep interpretation, the comprehension of the author's intention.
Svetlanov, pianist - a worthy successor of the traditions of Russian piano school. In the Moscow Conservatory in piano-playing E. Svetlanov studied with Heinrich Neuhaus, later, by arrangement - Yuri SHAPORINA. Talent Svetlanov composer deep, truly Russian, evolving in line with the traditions of national art, "- said about his student Yuri Shaporin. The first works Svetlanov - cantata "Native Field", . First rhapsody "Pictures of Spain", . Three Russian songs for voice and orchestra, . Symphony in C minor - immediately attracted attention and forced to talk about the artist as a worthy successor to the great Russian composers,
. Later, in the mid-70's, he composes the major symphonic works, among them - "a romantic ballad," symphonic poem "Daugava", Concerto for piano and orchestra, "Siberian Fantasy, Poem for violin and orchestra (in memory Ph.D.. Oistrakh), the poem "Kalina Krasnaya" (In memory. Shukshina), Second Rhapsody, Russian Variations for harp, "Rustic day" - Quintet for wind instruments, Lyric Waltz. He also owns a large number of chamber works. E. Svetlanov boldly used the traditions of Russian classical music, original by developing them in his work. This fully applies to all of his writings.
In 1954, a student at 4-th course of the conservatory, E. Svetlanov is an assistant professor of his class conducting AV. Gauk, who at that time led the Grand Symphony Orchestra (BSO), All-Union Radio. "... From an early age, I assumed the role of conductor. By conducting I went deliberately, having a diploma pianist and composer. And the conductor was like a summation of what I got in the walls of two schools: the Institute Gnesin and the Moscow Conservatory. Naturally, I was easier to start a conductor's work, because knowledge and experience in other related fields greatly helped this "- wrote Evgeni.
Finally home dream come true: conducting Rachmaninoff's Second Symphony, Cello Concerto Myaskovsky, Suite "Daphnis and Chloe" by Ravel performed by BSO, Yevgeny Svetlanov protects Diploma. The debut of an opera conductor Svetlanov took place in 1955, when he presented his first work at the Bolshoi Theater - opera The Maid of Pskov by Rimsky-Korsakov. Since this year, fate once again tied the great conductor with the great theater. First conductor trainee, then within ten years - a conductor, and since 1962 - chief conductor of the Bolshoi Theater. Yevgeny Svetlanov, conducted for the control theater repertory of 25 operas and ballets (16 operas, ballets, and 9), . one in 12 is Svetlanov conductor: the opera "The Maid of Pskov", . The Tsar's Bride "by Rimsky-Korsakov (1955), . "Enchantress" by Tchaikovsky (1958), . "Not only love" Shchedrin (1961), . "October" Muradeli (1964), . "Othello" by Verdi (1978), . Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh "(1983), . The Golden Cockerel (1988) Rimsky-Korsakov; ballet "Path of Thunder" Karaev (1959), . "Paganini" to music by Rachmaninoff (1960), . "Night City" to music by Bartok (1961), . "Pages of Life" Balanchivadze (1961),
In 1964 Svetlanov takes part in the first tour of the opera troupe of the Bolshoi Theater in Italy. In the Milan La Scala, he had great success conducting an opera "Boris Godunov", . "Prince Igor" and "Sadko", . as well as symphony concerts, . one of which, at the request of the public "Three Russian songs" Rachmaninoff were performed for an encore,
. Yevgeny Svetlanov was the first Russian conductor, which came in the cohort of Great, who worked in the famous "Rock", among them - Arturo Toscanini, Bruno Walter, Herbert von Karajan.
Opera "Snow Maiden", "Mermaid", "Cio-Cio-San", Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, the ballets "Swan Lake, Les Sylphides," "Walpurgis Night," "Sleeping Beauty", "Nutcracker" complete repertoire list of the conductor at the Bolshoi Theater. Svetlanov recorded audio for films, operas Khovanshchina Musorgsky and "The Queen of Spades" by Tchaikovsky, conducted a concert performance of opera-ballet "Mlada" by Rimsky-Korsakov and lots of holidays and other events. Great singer, . Bolshoi Theater soloist Irina Arkhipova to write about the performances at the Bolshoi Theater Svetlanov: "I can not recall such plays Svetlanov, . as "The Tale of Tsar Saltan, . The Golden Cockerel "and" Legend of the City of Kitezh "by Rimsky-Korsakov,
. It was great! The orchestra sounded above all praise "
. After one of the concerts with Svetlanov outstanding singer Yelena Obraztsova said: "Indeed, . none, . probably, . not feel so deep and so true soul of the Russian people, . he, no one embodies it in the music with such genuine sincerity, . truthfulness, . searing emotionality,
. ... These leaders - real and not imaginary - are very much needed today in our art ".
Ballerina Raissa Struchkova wrote that "... for Evgeni" technology "Ballet special difficulties ... not represent. Such is the universal character of his talent. He felt perfectly the nature of the choreographic art. In the performances, which he conducted, ... always felt a wonderful synthesis of orchestral sound and dance, the unity of musical and choreographic components. No separation: here the orchestra, and there ballet ... Being on stage, I have a really physically felt the strongest creative energy that exuded his hands. And it gave the freedom, confidence, inspiration ".
In 1965, Evgeny Svetlanov became artistic director and principal conductor of the USSR State Symphony Orchestra. Until that time, the orchestra, established in 1936, led by Alexander Gauk, Nathan Rachlin, Konstantin Ivanov. Essentially, . Svetlanov, . nearly 45 years working with the team, . transformed it into a unique, . grandiose and powerful creative possibilities of the orchestra, . which under his management, went to the international arena and received the status of one of the best orchestras in the world,
Here's what he wrote about the orchestra and its leader Irakli Andronicus: "The feeling of the holiday, this holiday experiences in the concerts of the State Symphony Orchestra ... running Svetlanov - the feeling of brightness, clarity, strength. And novelty. Involuntary surprise ... And his music enjoys in his concerts, and excellent game subdued conductor. Yes, subdued. But this is a wonderful conductor absolute power is combined with Svetlanov with human modesty, with respect to sitting in front of him a great musician. Artistry gets it with efficiency, powerful temperament - with strict self-control ... All thinking and thought. And at the same time heartfelt, full of poetic inspiration, love of the executable's creation and, it seems, is born the first time ... with you "
. Thousands of speeches in our country and abroad, . concert halls of the Volga, . Urals, . Siberia, . patronage speech at factories in Omsk, . Prague, . Sofia, . campus, . in railway depot, . performances at prestigious platforms, the world - and everywhere a rapturous reception and recognition,
. Svetlanov is a globally recognized interpreter of the works of Western European, Russian, Soviet and contemporary composers. They recorded all the symphonies of Brahms, Mahler and symphonic works by Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann, Dvorak, Grieg, Saint-Saens, Bloch, Elgar, Shostakovich, Prokofiev, SHAPORINA, Khachaturian, Sviridov, Kabalevsky, Eshpai, Boyko, Karaev, etc..
In the 60-s recording all the symphonies of PI. Tchaikovsky Yevgeny Svetlanov begins his selfless work for the creation of "Anthology of Russian Symphony Music," which lasted three decades. Svetlanov himself considers this his life-long work, as well as record 20 symphonies N.YA. Myaskovsky.
Today Svetlanov - honorary conductor of the Bolshoi Theater. The geography of his foreign tour, the maestro working with many major symphonic ensembles of the world. Svetlanov - an epoch in Russia's musical history and our national heritage.
"All life Svetlanov - a huge, huge labor. In him we have, undoubtedly, an outstanding personality of contemporary music world, the pride of our musical culture. Great musician Evgeny, very large. It is located in the prime of his talent, and I can only wish him every success. This will be the joy of all of us "(GV. Sviridov).