Beskov Konstantin( Honored Master of Sports of the USSR, Honored trainer of the USSR)
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Biography Beskov Konstantin
Born November 18, 1920, Mr.. Moscow. Father - Beskov Ivan G.. Mother - Beskova Anna Mikhailovna. Wife - Beskova Valeria Nikolaevna (1928. born.), . danced in the ensemble of the Central House of culture of railwaymen, . over which the patronage Isaac Osipovich Dunaevskii, . then graduated from the Acting Department GITIS, . where her classmates were Lucien Ovchinnikova, . Mark Zakharov, . Leah Eliava, . Yuri Gorobets, . Vladimir Vasilyev, participated in concerts with separate rooms (single or with partners) and as host of the program (led concerts, . example, . band name Osipova),
. Daughter, Lyubov K. (1947 g.rozhd.), - A teacher - a translator of English. Grandson - Grigory Fedotov (1972. born.), is also the grandson of the famous footballer Grigory Fedotov. He graduated from technical colleges in Zile.
Lived in Beskova outposts Illich, on the highway of Enthusiasts, in a communal apartment with no amenities: a water had to go outside to the column, collecting firewood for the winter. Father - working man. Mother - a strict, sometimes harsh women to control every step of the little soccer player. Brought up, advising, demanding, to punish, forgive. Coste was not yet six years old when my uncle first took him to football. The little boy was shocked, surprised, captured football. That evening Beskov, probably, and became a football player.
The summer of 1928 my mother gave Beskova real football. From my mother's ball he almost never left. After school, went to one of the vacant lots, which were many in the area. Alone, sending the ball into the wall, he returned, and Kostya tried to hit on it without stopping or treatment of one-touch. He again returned, and he gently took it to the inside of the foot - this is one option stops the ball. Another option - breast. Third - hip. And again and again ... Stopped the ball bounced off the wall in every way, bringing the performance of automatic techniques to. After that involved practicing fidelity: ten meters, five, fifteen, again ten. Then polish hit bottom. And hinged. And cutting, spinning, fraudulent ...
Usually played street street. By glow that was almost international national cup matches. Typically, Kostya scored more than other forwards. And happened, street races - twelve balls in someone's gate, when he scored six or seven balls of the twelve. Neighbor in the apartment, a hot football fan engineer Victor Bulygin, looking at the game Beskova, presented him with these boots.
Apparently, nature has given some good baselines of Constantine, because in ten years he was seen. Suffice adults began to call it in their amateur team. He called the guys in the adult fifth team 205-th plant, who played in the fourth Moscow group. From May to July 1934 he regularly appeared on all the games this team and waited patiently. Soon it fezeushnika, adolescent, for the year, was transferred to the fourth team of 205-th plant. And in 1936 - the second.
In 1935, Constantine knew that the children's park Tagansky written in childish team. We had championship in Moscow between the teams of these parks. Beskova selected team captain, and in 1936 won the championship Tagantsev capital.
Constantine always wanted to play only in attack. Hammer! His motto has remained constant: "Attack!" Soccer took almost all his spare time, but he still managed to take a fancy pigeons. For all that, Konstantin still playing hockey.
Beskov grateful and collective team Hammer and Sickle: they gave him the right to play the right insider last three meetings of the season in 1937. And half of next season he played for the "Sickle and Hammer", although it had to add to his two-year. That was almost a big football.
While Kostya tried to play the accordion. Enrolled in a music workshop, choosing a clarinet. His father sent him to school dances at the Metropole Hotel. Dancing did his playfully. Mother of Constantine instill an appreciation for reading. Little by little carried away with books, with the same severity of perceiving and "War and Peace" and "North novella. Even in those years, said that before the match hurt to watch a film with a well-twisted dynamic plot where there is a struggle between good and evil, and certainly in the final triumphant justice
. In August 1938 the first Boris A. Arkad'ev, . The great Soviet coach, . invited him, . seventeen, . team of masters "Metallurg", . do in the USSR championship third place: "Will not you agree, . Constantine ... "In the first match of the season in 1939 Beskov scored famed goalkeeper Anatoly Akimov, . and his team won Spartak - 1:0,
. The next year, which was unfortunate for "Metallurg", they again beat Spartak - 5:3. Beskov scored in that meeting three goals while playing against himself Andrey Starostin.
Constantine entrenched in the starting lineup. At the end of 1939 identifies six best players union teams, and it was included in this six.
In 1940,. Beskov was drafted and sent to the border troops. Classes at the school detachment - and two months later he was already in Balti in the border detachment, . commanded by Ivan Solovyov - Future Hero of the Soviet Union, . Deputy Head of the SVR is the future of the Leningrad regional and city executive committee, . police commissioner and chairman of the Leningrad Football Federation, is already in the 50-60-ies,
. The frontier was a football team, and Soloviev, violent football fan, has included in her Beskova. Boris A. Arkad'ev to learn that Constantine in the Border is the autumn of 1940 began to act in order to transfer him to Moscow, with the intention to take part in the Moscow Dynamo. Came a call for a challenge, but the major constraint on their Solovyov.
Finally cut shaved Private Beskov arrived at the collection of the Moscow Dynamo in Gagra. His partners are: Mikhail Yakushin, Sergey Ilyin, Mikhail Semichastny, Alexei Lapshin, Evgeny Eliseev, Leo Korchebokov, Sergei Solovyov, Arkady Chernyshev! Whatever the name, the outstanding personality in sports.
Season began in 1941. In the match against a team the "Red Army" (now CSKA Moscow) Sergey Ilin coach instead put it on the left edge of the attack Beskova. Constantine then scored two goals, one more was scored with his filing, and the total expense of meeting 5:2 in favor of "Dinamo". By this time Constantine was a blow delivered strong and fairly accurate: a very rare ball flying above the gate. He could whistle next to the side bar, but not over the crossbar. Beeskow scored from everyone: from a distance, at close range, centered on the flank. Moscow Dynamo dominated the season in 1941, but ... war broke.
Part, in which he served Beskov, based in Moscow, in Lefortovo. They bore patrol in the city. Their military unit entered the 2-nd division of the NKVD. Then joined the OMSBON - a separate motorized rifle brigade of special purpose. Beskova occasion to participate in the exploration.
As the war went to the west, players began to let go of the units for training - three or four hours. All quickly restored, practiced voraciously, as if trying to breathe. In 1944 he met Dynamo combat strength, which in the year Victory has managed to win the championship of the USSR. Autumn of 1944, a senior trainer at the Moscow "Dynamo" was Mikhail Yakushin.
Season 1945 - rapid, purposeful, happy. The first year of the coming of peace, the year of bright hopes. The stadium is not used to free places ... In that year Beskov of Dynamo became the champion of the USSR.
Team champion-coming trip to England. For masters football trip to the country, the players who at that time never lost his field, was the cause of the extraordinary elation. English soccer press initially reacted to the guests from the Soviet Union with a high degree of arrogance. For example, a sports columnist for the Sunday Express wrote: "It's just beginning players, workers, lovers who travel to the game at night, using his spare time". A reporter for the Daily Mail gave the readers and players sensation: "Today the Soviet Dynamo break on vodka and caviar. Silent Soviet players will drink a wild, monotonous sound of the balalaika and shouting "Hurray!" other words expressing delight ".
However, Moscow's players gave a real battle the British "Grand", winning a series of meetings with a total score of 19:9. Among the defeated teams were Welsh Cardiff City "(the fastest team of the UK), the famous Arsenal, while Chelsea and Glasgow Reyndzherz" managed to equalize. Two wins and two draws - that this was the opening of Russian football Mecca. Contribution Beskova in this victory - 5 goals and 4 assists transfer.
Soon Dynamo dropped a new triumphal tour - in Scandinavia. Before leaving the command received by Marshal Voroshilov. He was very affable, optimistic admonished: "Win it for them with a score of five - zero!" Well, if not five zero, in extreme cases, five - one. One goal may be to miss ". Both matches - at "NorrkцTping" (champion Sweden 1945-1948.) And y "Gothenburg" - won with the same score - 5:1 ... In the first game Beskov scored a hat-trick. Then in Norway defeated national champion "Shade" with a score of 7:0. Beskova and Trofimova, who recorded in their asset nine balls, Scandinavian press calls "Voroshilov arrows".
In the national championship and went on achieve peak stubborn struggle between CDKA and "Dinamo". Purely sporting competition was excellent. At the meetings of these teams has always been a sell-out. Five attacks - Grinin, Nikolaev, Fedotov, Bobrov and Demin for the most impartial scales equal footing with the other Five - Trofimov, Kartsev, Beskov, Malyavkin, Sergei Solovyov. In 1948 Dynamo became the second. In 1949-m was shown truly first-class: 26 wins, 5 draws, 3 losses. The overall ratio of balls - a record for all the years of Soviet football - 104:30 - and the first place, gold medal. Of these one hundred and four - twenty-one ball falls on the Beskova.
In season 1950 Dynamo again dropped to second place. He was probably one of the most successful for Beskova. He scored 22 goals, became the center forward's number one in the list of 33 best players of the season, so that her thirtieth met in their prime
. Here's how Dynamo played in the final for Beskova-player seasons: in 1951 they took 5 th place, . 1952 - 3rd, . 1953 - 4-e (Beskov scored in 12 meetings, 4 goals, . past career forward) and win the USSR Cup, . 1954 - 1 st place, . but he attended only four meetings at the start of the season,
In 1948 Beskova among other well-known at that time players have proposed to enter the high school coaches. She gave a great deal of expertise on the organization of training process, the physiology, physical education. Theoretical knowledge added to the practical experience of the player.
After graduating from high school coaches, Beskov went to college athletics, but he continued to advocate for the Moscow Dynamo. In 1952 he graduated from the Institute. In the same year to. Beskov in the USSR team took part in the Olympic Games in Helsinki. The dramatic meeting with the Yugoslavs, which ended in failure in the second game, were perceived by senior management of the country as a national catastrophe. And the findings were relevant: team disbanded, many players are deprived of honor, earned by years of fair play. Beskov was denied the title of Honored Master of Sports (in a year it will be returned to him).
After the dissolution of the USSR national team until the end of 1954 never convened. Gabriel Kachalin as head coach, and Konstantin Beskov appointed second coach, began to create it anew. They invited a team of several athletes who are in the near term, the outstanding masters of the Soviet football. Among them - Yuri Kuznetsov, Eduard Streltsov, Valentin Ivanov. In Moscow the summer of 1955 came to West Germany, world champion in 1954. Team Kachalina-Beskova won the match 3:2, but played without Nikita Simonyan and Eduard Streltsov. Football world, it became clear that the national team has revived the Soviet Union, it is strong and viable.
More than a year spent Beskov second coach in the team, which was destined to win the Olympic Games in Melbourne. However, in Australia with the team he did not go. At the end of the season in 1955 Beskova suddenly offered to take command of the Moscow "Torpedo". It was a very tempting offer: the first independent work, the ability to actually test their principles, ideas and try to realize the vision of creating a balanced, sharply attacking and tenacious defender of the collective. Beskov thought that the national team, momentum, a confident game, can accomplish much in the hands of experienced and skilled Kachalina. Consequently, care Beskova from it would not desertion, and he agreed to take the "Torpedo".
In the previous season in 1954 "Torpedo" fought for the right to stay in the big leagues. Team had to rescue. Beskov included in the composition of the young Alexander Medakina. Subsequently, this his "protege" grew up in the captain's "Torpedo", a true team leader. Leonid Ostrovsky he first saw in Riga "Daugava". In football school youth Beskova liked Nick Manoshin, from there, he invited the team of Alexander Savushkina. Valery Voronin invited to look at the field his father, brother-soldier Beskova.
The first round of the USSR championship, 1956 wards Konstantin Ivanovich were simply great. Been defeated Dynamo and CDSA. Avtozavodskoye bosses, who quietly began to complain Beskova veterans, until the middle of the season could not have anything to reproach command. And then happen to crash, a recession in the game. The dramatic success turned the young head. Stagger discipline, which substantially contributed to the drink, which some players have sinned older. We had to cheer up, shake up the team, instill in them optimism. Instead, behind Beskova meeting was held in the Party Committee of the plant Likhachev. Hearing about him, he resigned from the team "Torpedo".
In 1957 Beskova asked to become senior coach youth football school in the Luzhniki. Each coach had his own school band. We Beskova - boys born in 1939, among them were Valery Korolenko, Victor Shustikov, Oleg Sergeyev, Eugene Zhuravlev - they all grew up in the future top players. Beskov always lit up the kids by example, built on the level of training requirements of team masters. At that time the country was held championship football school youth. In 1957, the Moscow team, led Beskova, in Kharkov won this tournament. From the school came to the Great football, for example, Vladimir Fedotov, Gennady Logofet, Igor Chislenko, Gennady Gusarov, Nikolai Manoshin - skilled players, speakers in the national teams. But soon Beskova had to think about what to do next. In 1958, K. Beskov with Alexander Ponomarev was coaching a youth team of the USSR. In the same year she won the tournament in Ghent (Belgium).
At the end of 1960, Head of the combat and physical training of Army Maj. Gen. Paul Revenko Beskova invited to take an army command. In the national championship when she took the sixth place. Dismantled in vnutrikomandnyh affairs, he realized that the microclimate in the team is not optimistic. He invited to CSKA young Vladimir Fedotov and Albert Shesterneva. Pinned in the team of Edward Dubinsky, which was later incorporated into the USSR national team, and in the lists of Top 33 was three times called the first number on the spot right back.
. In 1951 Beskov met with the head of the famous Igor Moiseyev Dance Company
. Pondering over this production technique coaching, Beskov came to the conclusion that, strangely enough, the dance a lot to do with football! He noted that the Mosaic ensemble is engaged in twice a day. Having team CSKA Moscow, he introduced a rule to engage in the same way. At that time, to master teams it was a great rarity.
Beskov appealed to the Marshal of the Soviet Union AA Grechko, to assist in the construction of a football field for CSKA. Three months later, in the Archangel was ready for field.
In 1961, the team Beskova came out on top in class, ahead of Moscow and Dynamo Kiev, Spartak, Zenit. Scored the most goals - 55. But their double-tight "punish" torpedovtsy. In the final table tournament 1961. only the fourth place went to CSKA. Just finished, and Season 1962. Beskov saw weaknesses in the team, there were interesting and tactical plans, and composition, but to implement them have not given. Major-General Vladimir Filippov, the chairman established in 1962, the Sports Committee of the USSR Ministry of Defense decided that the "marking time" is time to finish. The following year, CSKA won ... 7 th place, but it was already without Beskova. Then, quite unexpectedly, Vyacheslav Chernyshev, head of the USSR Central Television, offered Beskova become the acting chief editor of sports programs. Work on television lasted six months.
The spring of 1963 Beskov led team of the USSR. Before him, as a senior coach, has been tasked to prepare the team for the World Cup in 1966 but until this team was to participate in the European Championship in 1964 with the final match in Spain. Before the Madrid team Beskova never lost, winning teams of Italy, Uruguay, Sweden. In the European Championship semifinals with a score of 3:0 were defeated Danes. The very beginning to the final, which means - at least the silver medal, was an undoubted achievement of the national football. Now this is particularly evident in the infamous speeches against the country's central command responsible for the majority of tournaments in the 70-90-ies.
In the final match of the USSR national team in an equal fight lost in Madrid with a score of 1:2 Spanish team. After this match the world press has noted the outstanding level of Soviet football game. Head coach of the Spaniards said that they were very dear to victory over such a strong and brilliant rival, as the team of the Soviet Union. At home looked different: "In connection with the failure to achieve the national team before the team tasks and major bugs, . admitted to the training team, . release from work with teams from the country's senior team coach Beskova KI "This decision was again taken at the highest level, and least of all was associated with sporting aspects,
In the summer of 1964 Andrei Petrovich Starostin asked Beskova help Lugano team "Zarya". She then took the twenty-first row in the standings, but Beskova had to bring it to the forefront of this league. In the first round of the tournament in 1965 the team won the first place. Yet it is not broke in the big leagues.
After that was short and bleak time to work in Moscow "Locomotive". In January 1967 Beskov took command Dynamo, which has grown as a player and now took the place of the senior coach. At the beginning of the season when Dynamo won the prestigious tournament "Snowdrop", organized by the newspaper "Soviet Sport". In the national championship the team won 2 nd place - an undoubted achievement. In the same season has been another big success - victory in the USSR Cup. In that year, Dynamo were awarded prizes of 50 Years of the USSR, "For the will to win," the memory of Grigory Fedotov, "aggressive guest". At the end of the season Beskova was awarded the title of Honored trainer of the USSR.
Seasons 1968 and 1969 were not as successful as the previous. In the 1970 national championship team took second place. The group consists of young players came with undoubted future: Alex Petrushin, Oleg Dolmatov, Alexander Makhovikov, Andrew Yakubik, Anatoly Baidachny, Anatoly Kozhemyakin. Along with them - experienced Jozsef Szabo, Honored Master of Sports, already the fourth decade of. The list of 33 best players of the Soviet Union on the basis of the season were recorded seven Moscow Dynamo: V. Anichkin, V. Smirnov, V. Zykov, V. Maslov, V. Kozlov, V. and G. Eshtrekov Evryuzhihin. In May 1971, held a farewell match other Beskova, Lev Yashin, the recognized best goalkeeper of the world. Team Dynamo played with the national team stars of world football.
In 1970, the Moscow Dynamo won the USSR Cup in Tbilisi their mates by winning the final with a 2:1. Eight players on the team were included in the USSR national team. This was the highest of the club in the national team in its history.
By 1972, relates another achievement Dynamo. The team won the right to play in the final of the European Cup Winners' Cup, but lost. And this defeat was a new opportunity for critics KI Beskova. He himself had by this time accumulated and the physical and psychological fatigue. For six years he spent at the helm of "Dinamo", six years undoubted achievements of his pupils. Konstantin asked to resign. He went along and was appointed coach, in charge of Dynamo teams Russia.
One year later, cabinet work again drawn coach. In 1974, the country's football managers have proposed Beskova lead a combined team, before which the task was to win the qualifying round of the Olympic tournament.
Packaged team based at the Moscow "Spartak" (his head coach Nikolai Gulyaev began helping Beskova). Wards Konstantin Ivanovich won the right to go to the Olympics, which were to be in Montreal. However, at the Olympic Games have sent the first team of the USSR, Packaged almost entirely of Dynamo Kiev. Then Beskov folded his coaching credentials in the main team of the country.
. In 1976, the national football event occurred, shattering: Moscow "Spartak", taking up the primacy of the country fifteenth (penultimate) place, left the big leagues
. Then, Konstantin I. and never dreamed that at the beginning of next year he will become senior coach of Spartak. On the troubles of the team, he was somewhat aware. Taking the Olympic team, created on the basis of "Spartacus", he soon realized that not all the players of this club can participate in the qualifying matches of the Olympic tournament.
. In late 1976 Beskova offered a Chief team Dynamo Moscow, and he agreed
. But from the Moscow City Party Committee received a letter signed by a member of the Politburo VV. Grishina request to loan Beskova team "Spartak". He was initially refuse: "I do not want to" Spartacus "has already sipped this" nectar "in the" Torpedo ", CSKA, Lokomotiv "...". The condition of his parish in "Spartacus" Beskov put back in command of its chief Nikolai Petrovich Starostin.
Beskov replaced recognized unheralded players then players: Georgi Yartsev, Sergei Shavlo, Alexander Sorokin, Oleg Romantsev. He created his model of the game, which in the second round has started to gain personal expression, and then bear fruit. Spartak finished first in the Championship league, occupying the highest line in the standings.
Georgi Yartsev after the season said: "The lessons of Konstantin Ivanovich I would compare with the academy of football excellence. I had never heard such ideas, . who sell us Head Coach: Fresh, . often paradoxical, . even staggering, . and take a closer look, . apply in practice, . difficult to operate in an ensemble - and scored quicker, . and the enemy is blown away ... ",
KI Beskov said then: "To return to the big leagues, it was necessary to first create a model of the game, new on all parameters - technical, tactical, physical. With many had in connection with the painstaking work, and some, alas, part: not all want or could not reorganize. Naturally, the required updating of the composition, therefore, left in such a rough first round, when even famous soccer experts did not believe that the team will be able to at the end of the season to get the right to speak in the highest league.
1977 "Spartacus" had season in the first league. In 1978 he finished fifth in the highest, in 1979 - won the gold medal champions of the country. More than a rapid return of the most popular team of the country - without exaggeration, a triumph! The main credit belongs, of course, Konstantin Ivanovich. This was the first coach of gold medal Beskova. However, it is not quite so. Earlier, he received a gold medal of Games of the peoples of the USSR in 1979 as senior coach in Moscow, won the 1-st place. That prize, of course, honor and pleasure. But she had to fight just two weeks. A medal for the national champion - in fact, three seasons.
At the Olympics-80 national team of the USSR, which again led KI Beskov, won bronze medals, giving the team in the semifinals of the GDR. Overall statistics National team in 1980 was as follows: of the 15 matches she has won 13, drawn one brought together and only one lost.
Konstantin Beskov led the national team of the USSR, dobivshuyusya right to act in the finals of the World Cup in Spain in 1982. The results of her statement KI Beskov praised: "The squad was made, . certainly, . underachieved, . but to recognize all of her game at the world championships in Spain unsatisfactory could only our Football Federation and the College Sports Committee of the USSR, . that for decades the only way and evaluate performance of Soviet athletes: won - hero, . lost - a coward and a weakling ",
In "Spartacus" KI Beskov worked for 12 years. He led the team play and good name, find and nurtured the players who make the history of Soviet and world football. Team of nine consecutive years, has always been among the winners: double - gold, five times - the silver, double - bronze. Over 11 years of performing in the big leagues, she won 186 victories. This result close only Dynamo Kiev, but they are not without sin ": over the years, even down to tenth place. Beskova also charged that in 1988 "Spartacus" took fourth.
The situation in "Spartacus" aggravated. It turned out that, having worked for twelve years with the team, giving her a lot of forces, putting it a significant part of their soul, their knowledge, creative ideas, varied experience in one moment the coach was rejected. It is known that the decision to dismiss Beskova was taken during his vacation, he was not even in Moscow. The wording of the order was: "... dismissed by the head coach of the football team masters" Spartacus "in connection with the protracted retirement age". Secretly press, from the public, from their own leading players fired KI Beskova people, hiding behind the concepts of "club" and "team". And just as quietly approved this illegal decision MGSPS.
Konstantin experienced offensive parting with Spartak, he returned to his hometown club "Dynamo" and became the main football expert of the Central Council. It was here that he completed his outstanding coaching career. At the age of 75 years, . after becoming a 11-year hiatus, the senior coach of Dynamo, . KI Beskov set a world record: he led the team to a silver medal in the championship of Russia in 1994 (team of 8 years was not in the top three winners), and winning the Cup of Russia in 1995,
The views and advice Konstantin Ivanovich still cherished by players and coaches across the country. Beskova knows the whole football world. Among his sporting trophies: the title of champion of the USSR (1945, . 1949) and the USSR Cup (1953) - he got them as a player, the champion of the USSR (1979, . 1987), . USSR Cup (1967, . 1970), . Cup of Russia (1995), . multiple silver and bronze medalist country championships, . European Cup silver medalist, . European Club Cup, . Bronze medalist of the Olympic Games (they won the team titles, . which he coached),
. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, World War II degree, Friendship of Peoples, two Orders of Honor, the Order of Merit to the Fatherland "III degree, many medals.
In addition to the awards and prizes are still loud, nation-wide fame of Constantine Beskova - forward in his youth, the coach in his mature years.
Still, he never misses a major football match, hoping that his favorite football will come better days. All my life Konstantin Beskov faithful to the principles established in youth: the family - this is love and friendship, this is the order, stability, mutual respect, home comfort.