Lobov Vladimir( Army General.)
Comments for Lobov Vladimir
Biography Lobov Vladimir
Born on 22 July 1935. village Buraev Bashkir ASSR.
Family father lived in Bashkortostan near the town Birsk, in a large village Timoshkino, in which there were only three names: frontal, carp and Lyapustiny. Nearly all were relatives or countrymen, whose ancestors came from the banks of the Don in the XIX century, when they were relocated to the east of Russia, and settled in Ural, Orsk, Kyshtym, in the Voronezh region and near Irkutsk. Family mother lived in the same places as his father's family in the village Alekseyevka, but its roots are linked with rivers Belaya and Kama.
Through his father, Vladimir had three relatives aunts and uncles - Gerasim, Gregory and Ivan - all the soldiers, members of the Great Patriotic War. On the maternal line, in the family stationery (Ipat Ilyich grandfather, grandmother Maria) had nine sons and one daughter - the mother of Vladimir Nikolaevich, Tatiana Ipatevna. All nine uncles - had fought in the Great Patriotic War, five were officers. In living through the mother left two: Nicholas Ipatovich (live in Ufa) and Michael Ipatovich (live in Moscow).
Childhood Vladimir largely accounted for the war years, and they had a tremendous influence on his future. In his memory were episodes when the war came wounded and maimed villagers. Forever remain in the memory of sorrow and tears of those who came to the "burial", but they have not passed a single family of the village where they lived. She returned after the war living in the village only a tenth of the departed to defend the Motherland. Of the relatives who had gone to the front of the front and stationery, killing 29 people. All of them are included in the book "Memory". In an area where the parents live mother and father, Vladimir, was more than a dozen villages, and the Cossacks. There were others, where the majority lived Maris, Tatars, or. Communication between people was a natural need, the atmosphere was very friendly, conflict never arose. Unfortunately, to date, almost all Russian villages have disappeared. In their place were only poplar.
Directly in the family Vladimir Lobov had five brothers and sister. One of them died in early childhood, the other - Kohl - in eight years, the third - Toll - in 32 years, in 1991, my brother - Gennady - a reserve officer and a sister - Alexandra - now live in St. Petersburg. His father was an expert, could work on all types of agricultural machinery, was a great turner, worked on the set of the Young Communist League at the MTS, and prior to that mined asbestos mine in Alapaevsk where thoroughly spoiled his health. His mother worked on the farm. Vladimir with 10 years already as an adult he worked in the MTS and the kolkhoz. Childhood was difficult. The family is constantly something was lacking: a food, the clothes.
The school, in which he went, was away from home. Of course, getting to her foot - in the winter severe frosts and snowstorms in the spring floods and flood. After 8 classes in 1954. Vladimir was drafted into the army. Since then, his whole life was connected with the Armed Forces. Service began in the Tajik SSR. Artillery Regiment mountain infantry division stood in Stalinobade. Artillery at the time in those places has been adapted to mountain conditions and was mainly horse. In the two years of military service, he has adjusted well to the Pamirs and forever remembered especially military service in the mountains. After school became the regimental commander of the gun.
For excellent studies on the end of the school B. Lobov was of merit and leave that in those years was the highest reward and a great event. 1956. was the year when there were well-known events in Hungary. To some extent, they touched and Vladimir. Its one of the twelve people who were selected from among the soldiers and sergeants of military service, with the formation of 8.10 classes, was sent to Ryazan Artillery School. There was a view that graduates of the school, having a crash course in teaching, had to be prepared to perform the officer positions.
Fortunately, events in Hungary ended quickly, and in November 1956, chief of the school general Osokin announced that the trainee soldiers and sergeants in military service can go home. This was the case, and Vladimir. However, he requested an opportunity to continue their studies in college. He was a condition: you have to finish the night school, to serve as commander of Cadet Unit.
In 1958, Mr.. Vladimir graduated 10 th grade night school at the Ryazan garrison House officers in 1959. - Honors College, received the rank of lieutenant and appointed commander of a platoon of cadets of the Ryazan Artillery School. In 1959-1960. actively begin to form strategic rocket troops, and Vladimir takes a second military education, graduated from college as an external student with the specialty technician mechanic for maintenance and repair of missile systems. Then he was sent to serve in the Chita region in connection to the Strategic Rocket Forces.
Here V. Lobov served until 1964. and was sent for entrance examinations to Moscow, the Frunze Military Academy. In 1967, I finished it in the rank of captain, was certified by the Chief of Staff of the regiment. At this time, burst events o.Damanskom, the Soviet-Chinese border. Minister of Defense decided to: send in ground troops of Combined Military Academy graduates, regardless of whether, to what species they belonged to the Armed Forces. This decision touched and B. Lobova. He asked to appoint him commander of the infantry battalion. This request was granted.
He was sent to the 35 th Infantry Division Army GSVG 20.1. Under the command of VN Lobov was expanded motorized infantry battalion, and division among the battalion commanders in the rank of captain, he was one. All the rest - and most of the colonels - veterans.
Czechoslovak events of 1968. fully passed through the fate VN Lobova. They started with a call to the commander of the regiment August 19, 1968. The battalion was placed military task: to go to Prague as a vanguard, which gave: a tank battalion, a separate tank company, artillery battalion and other units. The captain was given the task: at full speed to go to Prague, to 5 am Aug. 22 in Prague to take four bridges across the Vltava, the building of the Ministry of the Interior, the General Staff and other objects. The nature of the order is beyond doubt: the problem - not training.
At the march, before reaching Prague, was given additional orders - part of the forces to leave the airport and provide Vodochody dropping airborne units. The vanguard of VN Lobova went to Prague to that time and fulfilled all the tasks. In Prague, the battalion to hold on for two months, has lost three men, then was replaced by Interior Ministry units and placed outside the city. In December 1968,. returned to the place of their deployment in Germany.
In 1969. VN Lobova appointed Chief of Staff of the Rifle Regiment, and some time later was transferred to Chief of Staff of a separate motor rifle regiment. In 1970. He was appointed commander of the regiment and garrison commander Kotbus. As such, V. Lobov served three years and at the end of 1973. was sent to the post of commander of 63 Infantry Division training in the Leningrad Military District.
District army then commanded an outstanding military commander and General Staff Colonel-General AI Gribkov. For troops County is the period was characterized by the fact that they transition to new equipment and weapons, were seeking new forms of combat training and use of troops. Rejuvenate the command staff. The share of Colonel V. Lobova fell testing and development of a new generation of tanks, creation of a new combat training base, finding and implementing new methods and techniques of training personnel of the division. In 1975. VN Lobov promoted to major general and appointed commander of the corps in Arkhangelsk, where he served until 1977, Mr..
In those years in the Ministry of Defense acted principle according to which the prospective officers, who have not yet turned 40 years old, could be sent to study at the General Staff Academy. VN Lobov had already exceeded this age limit, but nevertheless, Soviet Defense Minister Marshal Grechko exceptionally sent Major-General, who was already forty-third year, the Academy.
In 1979. V. Lobov with honors completes the General Staff Academy and appointed commander of 28 Field Army. Army troops were stationed on the territory of Brest, Grodno and Minsk regions partially Belarus. The appointment took place rapidly, immediately after the end of exams at the Academy. V. Lobov was summoned to the Soviet Defense Minister Marshal of the Soviet Union DF Ustinov, . who posed the problem: first, . prepare base, . then take in the army of Germany, more than 10000 people of personnel (in addition more than 2000 families of officers), . Tens of thousands of pieces of equipment, . equip them, . organize military training, . and everyday life, and secondly, . move the army to new states rearmed it for new equipment, and thirdly, . Army troops prepare to participate in the state military maneuvers, . where they were to undergo a real test field manuals, . possible equipment and armament of the postwar period; well, and fourthly, . Know and do not forget, . that the next frontier with Poland,
. One day he was in Minsk, and introduced the Commander-in-Chief Colonel-General Mikhail Zaitsev, and that same evening in Grodno, where he was at Army Headquarters. Send tense days and nights of service. A high rate base was prepared to accept the division of GSVG. Since October 1979. to May 1980. it was basically prepared. In May, for a decade was taken about 200 trains with equipment, personnel and their families, organized life and training, to perform other tasks.
Has come in September 1980, when there was a memorable call the Chief of General Staff, Marshal NV Ogarkova: "The troops of the Army brought in combat readiness with the Mobilization!". The task was complicated, however, was carried. Army troops are on alert for several months, until the end of December 1980. near the border with Poland, in the forests and ranges, were training, and then returned to their places of permanent deployment. In mid-1981. new order - to prepare troops for the maneuvers of the army "West-81". The participants were the latest army structure, . equipment and armament: hundreds of airplanes and helicopters, . about 1000 guns, . more 2000tankov, . thousands of BMP, . and all this equipment and manpower real shot, . really advancing, . actually conducted reconnaissance, . actually buried and really went on the offensive,
. By the way, the attack was carried out in armored combat formations under the severance of its shell. The exercises lasted about 10 days. The share of the commander and his fallen comrades are fighting command and control and fire. These maneuvers were present leadership of the country and the Ministry of Defense, all military leaders of the Warsaw Treaty. Personnel of the Army Corps honorably completed its task.
After maneuvers in late October 1981. VN Lobov was ordered: immediately depart to the city of Leningrad, to come to the commander of Lenville and wait for a call from the Minister of Defense. When he came into the office of Army General MI Sorokina and reported for duty, the reply was: "Why did you priehalN" The military is all, but the situation was more than peculiar. Soon the bell rang the Minister of Defense, who talked with MI Sorokin, declared Lieutenant-General VN Lobov: "You appoint the Deputy Commander of the Leningrad Military District. Keep in mind that November 7 will parade District. This parade commanded you ". It was October 29. Commander of the same was called to Moscow, and it was necessary for him to stay. At night, the same day, VN Lobov has already held training paradorascheta on Palace Square. November 7 held a parade of the garrison troops of the Leningrad. Indeed, the inscrutable ways of the Lord. It turned out that service to a new post at the new place and you can start with a parade!
Then began weekdays, and therefore extremely hard work, primarily related to the rearmament of compounds on the latest types of equipment and weapons. Had to spend the day and night in the divisions, repeatedly visit the factories that produced military equipment. Two-thirds of the time spent in the army, General. He was supposed to provide a high level of troop training, readiness garrisons, standing in Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Pechenga etc.. On his lot to the construction and equipment Training Ground, . plenty of other worries, . sometimes seemingly far removed from the military specifics, . example, . construction of sports facilities, . supervising sports and hockey team, . which then led the famous Soviet hockey players Boris Mikhailov and Vladimir Petrov,
In the work and worry have flown more than three years. In June 1984. VN Lobova summoned to Moscow, where he receives a new assignment - to take command of the troops of the Central Asian Military District. He emphasized the special importance of the district for the country's defense, its proximity to Afghanistan, where at that time were fighting. Troops were stationed on the territory of the district three republics - Kazakhstan, . Kyrgyz and Tajik, . - It was necessary to take into account certain, . specific features of each, . as well as the special relationship the head of Kazakhstan - Kunaeva, . - As a member of the Politburo, . with the highest political leadership of the Kremlin,
District, who were to command the VN Lobov, was special in the Soviet Union. It accounted for about 5 thousand km border with Afghanistan and China. It combines a diametrically opposite climatic conditions: from the subtropics in Tajikistan to fierce cold of Northern Kazakhstan, the ridges of the Pamirs, Tien Shan, Alatau and the Kara-Kum. On the territory of the district were the most difficult military installations: the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, Baikonur, a number of other centers, which tested the newest weapons and technology, conducted scientific investigations. Here, trained soldiers and officers who had taken part in the hostilities in Afghanistan, which provided no small influence on the activity commander. In those years, school districts were generals Bogdanov, Dubynin, Barynkin, Kvashnin, who became prominent warlords.
Much of the specific commands are defined by the fact that he was in their practical work had to constantly confront and interact with the political leadership of the Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Tajik Republics. Thus, in 1986. in his life came the dramatic events of Alma-Ata. Is a change of leadership in the republics. With the departure of a member of the Politburo and Kunaeva appointment as first secretary of the Communist Party of GN Kolbina arose a very serious situation that could escalate into a serious regional crisis. During these events in VN Lobova worked formed the life and service of an iron rule: whatever the difficulties, complexities and pressure, whatever they are, make their own decisions. For its own decision to respond himself, without reference to the authority, direction, moreover, that under your start tens of thousands of armed men, modern technology.
It so happened that at a time when events in Alma-Ata began to evolve rapidly, VN Lobov was one of the distant garrisons. A bell rang on behalf of the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the republic to urgently come to Alma-Ata. The request alarmed the commander, and 170 km of roads is not easy VN Lobov slipped in less than a half hour. When he entered the Alma-Ata, there were no signs of any extraordinary events. After passing through the city, but it was late night, the commander saw the central square of the city crowd, which was approximately 7 to 10 thousand people. The building of the Communist Party of the republic was completely dark. The light was switched off, and when the general went to the office, the seat of government of Kazakhstan, he found a marked excitement, him sitting by candlelight. Only two of the top leaders of the republic, Nazarbayev, President of the Council of Ministers and the Secretary of the Central Committee NA Davletova, were on the square.
In Alma-Ata, the delegation arrived from Moscow, headed by Politburo member Solomentsev. Status of the delegation was very high, it comprises the secretaries of the CPSU Central Committee and first deputy heads of all security agencies of the country. When VN Lobov arrived in the office first secretary, in which he repeatedly visited Kunaev, it appears that in this room sits full commission and NG Kolbin. One of the newcomers, not embarrassed in terms of fly attacked VN Lobova, urging him to immediately raise troops to quell unrest. This same requirement in a very categorically confirmed NG Kolbin. VN Lobov, trying to keep calm, said he sees no justification for the use of troops. NG Kolbin, as if nothing had happened, dialed the phone Gorbachev and almost immediately gave up the commander of the district. In response to a question the Secretary-General - "What have you proishoditN - calmly reported that on the borders with Afghanistan and China are calm, there is no external threat, the forces of the district are in daily readiness. He also reported that the square a crowd of young people, but he sees no need to intervene military in these events, besides, other agencies yet nothing has been done. Also reported that the effort in any case, the protection of weapons, equipment and military communities.
After this report, which ended with the words of Mikhail Gorbachev "to you on the spot know best" attitude VN Lobova actively supported by the first deputy chairman of the KGB of the USSR Army General FD Bobkov. All other committee members remained silent. VN Lobov went to the area, where he took part in discussions with the demonstrators and understood the main thing - they are, the demonstrators did not want a republic led the "send", and want her, Kazakhstan. The events culminated in the whole world, but the commander of the district had to suffer the bias above and speculation on the part of. Life put things in their places, and all this is now history ...
In January 1987. VN Lobov received another urgent call to Moscow. It turned out that his call to Mikhail Gorbachev. Upon arrival, he was immediately taken. Secretary-General was very angry, stressing the idea that the country is rebuilt, and the army is not that the Chief of General Staff Marshal Akhromeyev sick and you need to strengthen the leadership of the General Staff. "You are a young man, you have an army experience, we recommend you first deputy chief of General Staff. Examined, into the material. Work will be big and difficult. It's time to revise military doctrine and reform the military sistemu.Zaymites preparation of all this, remembering that time hurries. Now we have approved the Politburo, then appoint a Chief of Staff ". An hour VN Lobov was approved by the Politburo.
After the surrender of affairs in the Alma-Ata, VN Lobov assumed his new duties. Shortly, . when he plunged deep into a mosaic, . problems, . which were posed and resolved in the General Staff, . it seemed, . his district, . which only recently seemed huge, . suddenly found himself almost a grain of sand on the background of the strategic, . Geopolitical Problems, . who stood before him in the new position,
. A problem was extremely difficult. Thus, the general in full collided with the Chernobyl disaster. He had headed a working group of the so-called "five", which is preparing proposals for the adoption of national and international decisions in organizing the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan and more. At the same time, in 1987-1988., He said, recalling mandate Gorbachev was preparing proposals for military reform. In 1988. been appointed to the post of Minister of Defense of the USSR D. T. Yazov. The new leadership of the Defense with the tacit consent of the leadership of the CPSU Central Committee has decided to withdraw VN Lobova for staff.
Four months before the end of February 1989, VN Lobov was out on duty. In February 1989, Mr.. he was a joint decision of the heads of member states of the Warsaw Pact and the decision of the Politburo newly appointed First Deputy Chief of General Staff, USSR Armed Forces and Chief of Staff of the Unified Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact,
. In this capacity, he has found walking the collapse of political structures of member countries of CMEA, . precarious situation of their first leaders, . with whom he had on the state to communicate, . infinite leapfrog with change and the appointment of ministers of defense and chiefs of general staffs and the chief of the armed forces of Czechoslovakia, . Hungary, . Romania, . Bulgaria, . GDR, . Poland,
The rapid collapse of the Warsaw Pact took place in front of VN Lobova and ended in October 1990. at a meeting of the Political Consultative Council, whose membership was totally renovated at this time. President V. Havel of Czechoslovakia was proposed not to discuss the Warsaw Pact no questions and accept only one solution - to liquidate the Warsaw Pact. Speaker of the leaders of the participating countries responded to this offer sluggishly. Only the representative of Romania was actively against. Speaking at the meeting, Mikhail Gorbachev, 30 minutes of his speech made no mention of the Warsaw Treaty, apparently making it clear so that he shares the position of V. Havel.
Within three months, in March 1991, at a meeting of defense ministers and foreign ministers in Budapest was signed on the document that bridges the military structure of the Warsaw Pact, which for years was the only counterweight to NATO. From the Soviet Union signed the document D. T. Yazov and Immortals. Upon arrival in Moscow VN Lobov was to disband the staff and management Glavkomat Armed Forces of the Warsaw Treaty, . send the generals and officers with their families in their home state, . besides trying to do everything to preserve friendly relations and the military fraternity,
. All this passed through my heart and soul of all, including the VN Lobova.
Some time VN Lobov spent in hospital: impact overload. Once directly from the hospital, he was summoned to Mikhail Gorbachev, where he was in the presence of DT Yazova proposal was made to lead the Academy im.Frunze. That was in July 1991.
Tacit consent to the appointment, taking the Academy, VN Lobov went to the Holiday House in Germany for rehabilitation. It was there on the radio, he learned about the establishment of State Emergency Committee. Immediately after returning to Moscow for his new job, he spent several days in the building and the training center of the Academy, where he found the call from Air Marshal Shaposhnikov EI: "rode. - KudaN - The Department of Defense ". A few hours later, Army General Vladimir N. Lobov receives an official order to lead the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR.
The situation prevailing in August 1991, was met in the army very hard. Demanded immediate efforts to prevent an inadequate response to these developments, the Army. We had to take the necessary measures to ensure nuclear safety, to establish personal contact with the commanders of districts, to provide all necessary actions, which rely in extreme conditions as Chief of Staff. Gorbachev reminded him of the challenge presented by the Defense Reform. In late September, its concept was reported at the College of the Ministry of Defense. Were prepared, . and then agreed to by all members of the Council of State a number of steps to actually reform the army: increased the salaries of the military, for candidates and doctors of Military Sciences, . professors imposed surcharges, . which still receive almost 15 thousand military scientists, the necessity of reducing the military service prior to 1, . 5 years,
. Relevant documents were signed by the President of the USSR. Was prepared and 12 November 1991. Gorbachev signed a decree on the establishment of strategic deterrent. (Due to lack of will and bad faith of some officials, this decree was not implemented, and only in 1998. in the order of the Minister and Defense Minister Igor D. Sergeyev recreated and executed idea of this Decree).
However, the political standoff in the country increased, it has certainly influenced the leaders of the Armed Forces.
As time went on, the events in the country is growing exponentially. For the Armed Forces came new people. Been replaced by all Deputy Defense Minister and Chief of General Staff, Commander in Chief and changed commanders districts. V. Lobov felt to me a chill. He knew that what should be taken from him at this difficult time, has already taken. Sorry only that the left and are leaving the Armed Forces of the country's most worthy and highly skilled people that could not be the end to implement the conceived and waste, including for military reform.
VN Lobov retired from the Armed Forces and became involved in social activity. Today he is - the chairman of the public commission "folk memory" of the International Association of Peace Foundations, Board Member of International Association of Russia ties
. VN Lobov awarded the Order of the Red Banner (1988), . Kutuzov II degree (1981), . Red Star (1969), . "For Service to Motherland in the Armed Forces" II and III level (1975, . 1985.), . Friendship, . as well as two silver medals of Natural Sciences ( "Peter the Great" and "Vernadsky"),
. He - Candidate of Historical Sciences (1985), . Doctor of Military Sciences (1988), . Professor, . member of Russia Academy of Natural Sciences (since 1991) VN Lobov - author of a dozen books and monographs, . including: "The Art of military stratagem" (1983), . "Bet on a trick" (1984), . Information in the economic confrontation of systems "(1985), . "Military stratagem in the history of wars" (1987), . "Place and role of information" (1987), . "Educating the honor and dignity of the army in Russia" (1988), . "Military Reform: The Link of Times" (1991), . "Ruse" (1992), . "Stratagem and surprise",
. He has published over 200 articles and reviews, . most important ones are: "On military reform" (in magazines, "Military Thought", . "Military-Historical Journal, . "PVO", . "Communist"), . "The relative suddenness and unexpectedness" (in the journal Military Thought "), . "From the state doctrine to the military" ( "Nezavisimaya Gazeta", . 1998),
VN Lobov Married. Wife - Valentina, teacher. He has a son, daughter and three grandchildren. In his spare time enjoys reading, listening to classical and folk music. He loves the theater, nature walks.
Lives and works in Moscow.