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Akutagawa Ryunosuke

( Japanese writer.)

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Biography Akutagawa Ryunosuke

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Classic Japanese literature. From an early age A. was intrigued by the idea of voluntary withdrawal from the life. In his youth, even conducted an experiment: squeezed his throat with a rope and watched with a stopwatch how long it lasts Dying. A minute and twenty seconds, when it began to grow dim consciousness, stopped - this method of suicide the writer did not like. Fame came to him very early, and the external circumstances of his life were quite well: a strong family, a literary success, the love of readers. However he A. believed that its existence is like hell, and hell in all its various manifestations has become one of the backbones of his work. A. whole life afraid of two things - madness (writer's mother was subjected to mental illness), and creative sterility. In recent years, fear has become an obsession, although A. retain the clarity of reason and every year he wrote an increasingly obsessive. The strain resulted in a health disorder, insomnia, fatigue, growing. A. died, having taken a lethal dose of veronal.

[Chkhartishvili G. Writer and Suicide. - Moscow: New Literary Review, 2000, s.446]


. -------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------

. The best example of how the daemon works completely subdued the writer sucked out of him all the vital juices, and then left, thereby sentenced to despair, madness and self-destruction - Akutagawa Ryunosuke (1892-1927)
. On this a Japanese general, one can study typical features, characteristics and habits of the particular subspecies of homo sapiens called homo scribens1 - in all its splendor and misery, with all the symptoms of occupational disease. It is no accident Akutagawa mentioned in the chapter on insanity, and in the chapter on accented personality (as it would be necessary and in the chapter on substance abuse) - all it was, but above all he is - a classic victim of a creative crisis.

. We Akutagava a short story "The Nose", inspired by the story by Gogol
. Only the Japanese turned the story differently: as a man to be, . whose nose is not lost, . the contrary, . too much is evident - sticking to the entire five sun2N Monk Dzenti, . winner of the excesses of the anatomical, . lifelong dream to get rid of the ugliness, . make a normal nose,
. In the end, after years of tweaks, it is possible, but a strange thing, life with a normal nose suddenly appears meaningless and even impossible. 24-year-old author of comic novels, obviously, does not necessarily imply that the shadow of "nose length in five sung" п+п¦п¦я-п+п¦я- rest of his fate, becoming ruthless parable about yourself. Writing skills are very monumental nose looks like a monk Dzenti - a burden which prevents enjoy the joys of ordinary human life. A lot of creative people, followed by Wagner, who dreamed of a quiet family life away from art, or Bulgakov, who glorified the charms of the "eternal home with Venetian window and curly vinograpishite, young people, do not write. That's what made me literature ".
. The best example of how the daemon works completely subdued the writer sucked out of him all the vital juices, and then left, thereby sentenced to despair, madness and self-destruction - Akutagawa Ryunosuke (1892-1927)
. On this a Japanese general, one can study typical features, characteristics and habits of the particular subspecies of homo sapiens called homo scribens - in all its splendor and misery, with all the symptoms of occupational disease. It is no accident Akutagawa mentioned in the chapter on insanity, and in the chapter on accented personality (as it would be necessary and in the chapter on substance abuse) - all it was, but above all he is - a classic victim of a creative crisis.
. We Akutagava a short story "The Nose", inspired by the story by Gogol
. Only the Japanese turned the story differently: as a man to be, . whose nose is not lost, . the contrary, . too much is evident - sticking to the entire five sunN Monk Dzenti, . winner of the excesses of the anatomical, . lifelong dream to get rid of the ugliness, . make a normal nose,
. In the end, after years of tweaks, it is possible, but a strange thing, life with a normal nose suddenly appears meaningless and even impossible. 24-year-old author of comic novels, obviously, does not necessarily imply that the shadow of "nose length in five sung" п+п¦п¦я-п+п¦я- rest of his fate, becoming ruthless parable about yourself. Writing skills are very monumental nose looks like a monk Dzenti - a burden which prevents enjoy the joys of ordinary human life. A lot of creative people, followed by Wagner, who dreamed of a quiet family life away from art, or Bulgakov, who glorified the charms of the "eternal house with Venetian windows and winding Vinogradov house," longed for neanomalnoy, normal life. Not a stranger to such dreams and Akutagawa. Hero of the novella "Du Tzu-chun receives from the elder-Taoists as a reward for their ordeal is not wealth or fame, but" little house on the southern slope of Mount Taishan, where the peaches are in full bloom. However, when the middle of the fourth decade Akutagawa felt that "nose length in five sun" may be about to fall off, the writer was horrified and live without that ugly build-up did not want to.

. What proizoshloN

. It has become increasingly difficult to put pen to paper
. Every day was growing unfounded, unexplained anxiety. Akutagawa suddenly began to fear that will go mad, as it had been mad by his mother. Something terrible, oppressive lurked in the depths of the subconscious: "The part that I am not aware, Africa is my spirit, extends infinitely. I'm afraid of her. There, in the darkness, live monsters, what on earth is ". He wrote a lot, but increasingly there is a feeling that the end of the gift, that to write any more, he can not. It was not even a creative crisis, and panic before the inevitability of a creative crisis,. One can say that Akutagawa died from fear - that the variety, which is more dangerous for people in the arts of all other fears.

Of course, right there showed up insomnia, eternal companion, shattered nerves and a creative impasse. The doses of sleeping pills continuously increased, stupor yuschee effects of drugs does not dissipate during the day. "He was trembling hand holding a pen - writes about himself in third person Akutagawa. - Worse - his mouth dripping saliva. The head is clearly no more than half an hour a day, after waking from sleep, which came only after a large dose of veronal. Now he lived in eternal twilight.

. Proud, . impressive Demon Creativity, . which Akutagawa particularly liked to talk on an equal (in the novels "The torments of hell" or "Dialogue in the Dark"), . degenerates into vulgar, . petty devil, . like the "sickly imp with zhabey blood", . what, . According to Nabokov, . tormented fading Gogol,
. I Akutagava hero of the autobiographical novel "Gears" opens "Brothers Karamazov" and frightened: "... Do not read and one page, he felt that his whole body trembling. It was the head of Ivan, who was tormented by the devil ... Ivan, Strindberg, Maupassant, or myself in this room. "

For Akutagava who claimed that human life is not worth a line of Baudelaire, the idea that inspiration goes, leaving him alone with life, was unbearable. More will need to live like everyone else, without a "nose for five sung, usually the breadwinner of the family, the father of three children. "In the end I was not more than Monsieur Bovary average ...", - bitterly wrote Akutagawa, and in his mouth could not be worse self-deprecation: not just mediocrity, and mediocrity in the box, went out of platitudes. In the suicide letter writer gives his children advice, which is not often hear from parents: "If you are defeated in the struggle of life, too, walk away from the life of yourself, as your father did."

. In "Letter to a Friend", has already made a final decision, Akutagawa detailed (and extremely vague) sets out the reasons for suicide
. He, the writer to the bone, it is important to write everything about myself the most, do not leave room for speculation and interpretations. He even why some length explaining reasons that guided the choice of method of death:


"The first thing I thought - how can I make to die without suffering. Of course, the best manual for this - hang. But when I imagine myself to hang himself, as I felt I was overflowing aesthetic rejection of. (I remember that I once loved a woman, but when I saw how ugly she wrote the characters and love instantly evaporated.) I will not be able to achieve the desired results and a utopia, because I know how to swim. But even if contrary to expectations, I would have succeeded, I felt much more misery than hanging. Death under the wheels of the train gives me the same rejection, which I have already said. Shot or stab myself I also did not succeed, because I shake hands. Will be an ugly sight, if I throw myself from the roof of a multistory building. Therefore I decided to die, using hypnotic. Die in this way more painful than to hang. But that does not cause disgust, as hanging, and in addition poses no danger, that I brought back to life, in which the advantage of such a method ... "


. Akutagawa himself was not a pity, rather he evoked a feeling of contempt - not God, how he wanted to be when something as worthless "Monsieur Bovary, apes
. Traditional tercet, which Akutagawa commented on his upcoming departure underscores a pathetic and ridiculous insignificance of this event. If the monkey could not hold onto the swollen buds of spring branch of art, therefore, go to it and the road. Well, almost pokachnetsya branch, not more.

Podragivaet spring branch.
A moment ago
Since it fell monkey.


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Akutagawa Ryunosuke, photo, biography
Akutagawa Ryunosuke, photo, biography Akutagawa Ryunosuke  Japanese writer., photo, biography
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