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MALEWICZ Kazimierz

( Artist-garde)

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Biography MALEWICZ Kazimierz
(1878, Kiev - 1935, Leningrad)
Born in the family factory manager. With 11 years a lot of draw and paint colors. In 1894 he graduated from the five-class agronomic School. In 1895 - 1896 he studied at the drawing school, then moved with his family in Kursk. There he participated in the circle created by lovers of art and served as a draftsman, earning money to live and study in Moscow. In 1904, arrived in Moscow, where he briefly attended classes in the School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture and the Stroganov School. In 1905 he returned to Kursk and independently engaged in painting. In 1907 he took the first known directory to participate in the exhibition of the Moscow Association of Artists, where besides the works of Malevich's paintings were presented in the. V. Kandinsky and others. Malevich worked hard over the canvases of the new painting system, which he called "Suprematism" ( "Black Square", 1913), whose principles he set out in the brochure-manifesto "From Cubism to Suprematism. New pictorial realism ". After the February Revolution of 1917. Malevich was elected chairman of the Art section of the Moscow Union of Soldiers' Deputies. He developed the project of National Academy of Arts, was a Commissioner for the protection of monuments and a member of the Commission for the protection of artistic treasures of the Kremlin. After the October Revolution has created sets and costumes for this production "Mystery-Bouffe" VV. Mayakovsky wrote a theoretical work on the new systems in the art, with Chagall in Vitebsk led workshop at the National Art School, participated in exhibitions. In 1922 he finished the manuscript of "Suprematism. World as irrelevance or the eternal rest ", published in 1962 in German. In 1922 Malevich taught drawing at the architectural department of the Petrograd Institute of Civil Engineers. In 1923 he was appointed director of research intstituta culture of modern art. In 1926, after an article in the pogroms "Leningrad Pravda", the institute has been eliminated, and Malevich dismissed. In 1927 Malevich exhibited his paintings in Berlin. In 1928 - 1930 he taught at the Kiev Art Institute. In 1929, he had a solo exhibition at the State Tretyakov Gallery. In 1930 his works were exhibited in Austria and Germany, he gave lectures on the theory of painting in the House of Arts in Leningrad. The fall of 1930 Malevich was arrested by the OGPU, but at first was released in December. In 1931, did the painting in the Red Theater in Leningrad. In 1932 became the leader of an experimental laboratory in the State Russian Museum, took part in exhibitions. He died after a serious illness.



Malevich paintings


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MALEWICZ Kazimierz, photo, biography
MALEWICZ Kazimierz, photo, biography MALEWICZ Kazimierz  Artist-garde, photo, biography
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