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Nkrumah, Kwame

( statesman and political figure in Ghana.)

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Biography Nkrumah, Kwame
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By ethnicity Nzima. He graduated from Catholic school in Half Asini, and then (1926-30) Teacher Training College in Accra and Achimota. He taught in Catholic schools in Elmina and Auxemite. In 1939-45 he studied and taught philosophy at Lincoln University (USA), who graduated with a degree in economics, sociology and theology. In Pennsylvania un-te (USA) received a Master of Philosophy and Pedagogy. In 1945-47 he lived in Britain, studied at the University of London and the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Nkrumah's political career began in the United States, where he founded the Association of Students of African United States and Canada. In the UK, he took an active part in the preparation and the 5 th Pan African Congress in Manchester (1945), played an important role in moving the pan-African movement to organize the struggle for independence in the African colonies. He returned to the Gold Coast and became general secretary of the Joint convention of the Gold Coast (OKZB, founded in 1947). Line Nkrumah OKZB to transform into a mass party led to his break with the leadership of OKZB in 1948. In 1949, Nkrumah created the Convention People's Party (CPP) and led the fight for independence. In 1948 and 1950, was arrested on charges of organizing strikes and demonstrations. The first elections to the Legislative Assembly in 1951 brought victory to the CPP; released from prison in 1952, Nkrumah became prime minister of the first African government of the Gold Coast, and from 1957 - the independent state of Ghana. In 1960 he was elected President of the Republic of Ghana, since 1961, NPC general secretary and its president for life. In 1964 was proclaimed president for life of Ghana.
Under the leadership of Nkrumah in Ghana carried out socio-economic changes associated with the election of socialist orientation, held anti-imperialist foreign policy has increased the international prestige of Ghana. At the same time, a number of errors committed by their detrimental effect on the economic situation of Ghana. February 24, 1966 in a coup Nkrumah government was overthrown.
Nkrumah made an outstanding contribution to national and social liberation of Africa. The remaining years of life spent in Guinea, Nkrumah. He - the author of a number of theoretical studies, political pamphlets and articles. Always on the basis of political philosophy Nkrumah were anti-colonialism and anti-imperialism. In 1962 he was awarded the International Lenin Prize "for peace between peoples". He was an honorary doctor of Moscow, Cairo and other universities.

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