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Solon

( Ancient Greek statesman and reformer of Athens)

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Biography Solon
photo Solon
between 640 and 635 - about 559 years. BC. e.
Being elected to the 594 g. archon (highest-ranking official in the ancient Greek city-states), . Solon held a number of socio-political reforms in the interests of the Athenian people: canceled landed debt, . freed from the slavery of the debtors at home and bought sold abroad, . ban on future debt slavery, was carried unification of weights and measures,
. All citizens were divided into 4 level or class. The political rights of each level determined by the size of its property. The number of citizens has been increased by Solomon Metekov (ie. foreigners, as well as slaves assigned for the will, which were of personal liberty, but had no political rights, among them met the rich slave-owners, merchants, owners of craft workshops), all moved to Athens. He strengthened the role of the People's Assembly (Ecclesia), created two new democratic bodies: the Council four (Boulet) and gelieyu (jury), while maintaining the aristocratic council - a panel of the archons and the Areopagus, but reduced their powers. His laws have contributed to the elimination of remnants of the tribal system and the rule of the aristocracy, formalized system of government in Athens as the city-state (polis), laid the foundations of Athenian democracy. Validity of laws have been defined by the legislator in 100 years.

WWC Team


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Solon, photo, biography
Solon, photo, biography Solon  Ancient Greek statesman and reformer of Athens, photo, biography
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