Ben-Gurion, David (David Joseph Green)( First Prime Minister of Israel)
Comments for Ben-Gurion, David (David Joseph Green)
Biography Ben-Gurion, David (David Joseph Green)
1886 - 1973
Born in 1886 in the city of Plonsk Warsaw Province. Primary education in the reformed heder, where instruction was in Hebrew. In 1903, Mr.. joined the labor movement Po'alei Zion ", and in 1906. moved to Palestine. In the same year was elected to the Central Committee Po'alei Zion ". He worked in the agricultural settlements, while actively engaging in social activities.
In 1912, Mr.. Ben-Gurion enrolled in the Law Faculty of Istanbul University. In 1914, Mr.. He came home for vacation, but returned to Istanbul, as the First World War. In 1915, Mr.. Turks, the then owners of Palestine, on charges of Zionist activity sent Ben-Gurion University of the Palestine. He settled in Egypt, then moved to the United States, where he founded a youth movement n-Halutz. In 1918, Mr.. Ben-Gurion proposed the idea of voluntary Jewish Brigade in the British Army. He was one of the first entered into a brigade and served in its ordinary.
After the First World War, Ben-Gurion returned to Palestine and resumed active in the labor movement. In 1920, Mr.. in Palestine, with the direct participation of Ben-Gurion was founded by trade union association - Histadrut. In 1921, Mr.. Ben-Gurion was elected its general secretary and held that post for 14 years. Under the leadership of Ben-Gurion, the Histadrut became a powerful organization of workers, representing not only the union of trade unions, but also the concern of agricultural, industrial, construction and trade enterprises.
In 1923, Mr.. Ben-Gurion visited the USSR during the international agricultural exhibition in Moscow, which participated and the Histadrut. In 1930. established a working party of Mapai and Ben-Gurion was one of its main leaders. In 1935. Ben-Gurion was elected chairman of the Jewish Agency (Sokhnut). In this position he remained until the formation of the State of Israel.
November 29, 1947, Mr.. UN adopted a resolution to partition Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. May 14, 1948, Mr.. (the day of expiry of the British Mandate), David Ben-Gurion read out in Tel Aviv, the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel, the head of the Provisional Government of which he became. Ben-Gurion was Prime Minister and Defense Minister of Israel until his retirement in June 1963. (except for the period from December 1953. in November 1955). In 1961. resigned in connection with the "Lavon affair", after the parliamentary elections (1961) again led the government. In 1963, at age 77, Ben-Gurion left the government, but left the Knesset. In 1965, Mr.. he left the Mapai and Rafi created party.
In 1971, aged 85 years, Ben-Gurion resigned from the Knesset. He finally withdrew from political life and devoted his time memoirs. Died Dec. 1, 1973, Mr.. at Kibbutz Sde Boker.
based on the "Central Jewish Resource Sem40.ru"