Leyhgardt Ludwig( traveler and explorer of Australia)
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Biography Leyhgardt Ludwig
(Ludwig Leichhardt, present. name of Friedrich Wilhelm [Frederich Wilhelm])
1813 - 1848
In Australia, Frederick Leyhgardt better known under the name of Ludwig. At first glance, he does not fit in travelers. He had poor eyesight, he did not know how to handle weapons and had no experience of life in the bush. Nevertheless, his second expedition pyatnadtsatimesyachnaya still considered a landmark in the history of studies of the Australian continent.
His expedition was 4 800 kilometers from the valley of the Darling Downs to Port Essington, near Darwin. Organized on the money received only a few individuals, she started from Jumbo Station (Joubour Station) in October 1844. Most of the panellists on their skills and professional qualities were like a mirror image of the Leyhgardta. The expedition consisted of a young Englishman, neuter exiled convict shepherd, two native and Negro. Only one European had practical experience Bushman. It was John Gilbert (John Gilbert), a naturalist who worked with the famous ornithologist John Gauldom (John Gould). Unfortunately, he died during an attack on the Aboriginal camp expedition in June 1845. The arrival of the expedition to Port Essington in December 1845 was a real surprise, since it has long been of competitors at that time believed dead.
Three of the participants actually died, but others have overcome all the difficulties of the way through most of Queensland and the Northern Territories, opening with several major rivers and a lot of land suitable for agriculture.
Leyhgardt again set off in 1846, intending to go the whole north of Australia and the east coast get to Perth. But the expedition turned back, breaking only about 800 kilometers, due to illness, bad weather and disagreements among its members.
Undaunted by failure, Leyhgardt find sponsors for a new expedition, which started from the village of La Condamine River (Condamine River) in 1948. It consisted of four white men, two natives, as well as seven horses and twelve mules and fifty oxen. Nobody ever saw them again.