Charles Sturt (Carles Sturt)( traveler and explorer of Australia)
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Biography Charles Sturt (Carles Sturt)
1795 - 1869
Charles Sturt arrived in Australia as responsible for a group of convict settlers in 1827. While he did not have even thought that he would be a traveler and explorer.
Still, a few years later he undertook his first expedition in search of mythical Australian Inland Sea. Following the passage of the river Macquarie (Macquarie), he finally discovered the River Darling (Darling), whose name he gave in honor of the governor of the colony. However, the expedition had to be interrupted because of the drought, water has become salty Darling River.
In 1829 Sturt explored the Lachlan river system (Lachlan) and Marrambidzhi (Murrumbidgee) up to the Murray River and further down its course to Lake Alexandria (Alexandria) in South Australia. Exhausted from the low supply of food expedition with difficulty overcame the way back to 1400 km upstream.
In 1834 Sturt was granted 2000 hectares of land near the modern Canberra. He engaged in animal husbandry, but did not stop research area of Lake Alexandria. Four years later he was promoted to Chief Inspector of South Australia.
His main journey took place in 1844, when Sturt once again organized an expedition in search of an inland sea. Heroic attempt to penetrate into the desert interior of the continent has led him to a desert of stone, . later named in his honor (Sturt's Stony Desert), . where he had to spend six months in prison in the town creek Preservation (Preservation Creek),
Charles Sturt was attentive, friendly man who showed great respect to all participants in his expeditions and earned the respect of Aboriginal people, this living embodiment of the image of an English gentleman.