Sir Douglas Mawson (Sir Douglas Mawson)( Australian traveler and explorer of the Antarctic)
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Biography Sir Douglas Mawson (Sir Douglas Mawson)
1882 - 1958
Mawson graduated from the University of Sydney in 1901, specializing in mining engineer ". In 1905 he also received a degree in geology. Then he joined the Geological Research Party on the islands of New Hebrides. Later, Mawson lectured on geology and mineralogy at the University of Adelaide.
In 1907 he accepted an invitation to participate in the Antarctic expedition led by Ernest Shackleton (Ernest Shackleton). He was among those who made the first ascent of Mount Erebus Volcano. Along with several members of the expedition, he discovered the south magnetic pole during the 520-mile journey deep into the snow-sledge continent.
His second expedition was a tragic. Cani Mawson fell into the cleft of the glacier. Both of his companion died, and he was walking twelve days reached the base.
In 1914 Mawson was made a knight.
Following fifteen years of life Mawson were devoted to an analysis of data obtained in the expeditions. In 1929 and 1931 Mawson led two more expeditions to Antarctica to see if the land beneath the ice. Until the end of his life he never ceased to demand from the Australian Government to enable it to claim rights in the examined part of the Antarctic.