Pierce Patrick Henry (Patric Henry Pears)( Irish nationalist leader of the Easter Rising in 1916)
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Biography Pierce Patrick Henry (Patric Henry Pears)
Patrick Pearse was born in Dublin on November 10, 1879. Father Patrick was an Englishman, his mother - an Irish.
Pears was a director of Gallic League, founded in 1893 to preserve the Irish language, and in 1903-09 i.i. edited manufactured by the League of the weekly newspaper "Claidheamh Soluis" ( "Sword of Light"). To use the Irish language as a weapon against British rule, he has published short stories, written off from the old Irish manuscripts and a collection of his own poems in the modern Irish language. He founded the College of SW. End (St. Enda's College) near Dublin, in which training was conducted in English and Irish languages, and was based on Irish traditions and culture.
In AREM inception in November 1913 the society "Irish Volunteers" (Irish Volunteers), Pierce was a member of the interim committee of the organization, as well as printed in the newspaper of the same name izdavaemy society contributed articles and poems. In July 1914 he became a member of the supreme council of the society, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood, IRB). After the split in the ranks of the Irish Volunteers, Pierce led the highly nationalistic part of the organization, which opposed any aid Britain in the First World War.
As a member of the supreme council of IRB, Pierce took an active part in the development plans, "Easter Rising" in 1916. He personally declared the independence of Ireland at the beginning of the uprising, April 24. However, the uprising was not supported by the broad masses and led to street fighting in Dublin, crushed by the British army.
May 3, 1916 by a military court sentenced Patrick Pearse was executed.