Glinka, Andrei (Andrej Hlinka)( Slovak Roman Catholic priest and patriot)
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Biography Glinka, Andrei (Andrej Hlinka)
27.IX.1864 - 16.VIII.1938
Glinka became a priest in 1905 in a small industrial town of Ruzomberok Slovak. At that time, Slovakia and the Czech Republic were part of the Austro-Hungarian. In elections to the Hungarian parliament in 1906, Glinka ardently supported candidates who favor separation of Slovakia. In November the same year he attempted in his sermons to incite disobedience to the Slovaks in Hungary, . for which he was sentenced to two years in jail, . with him were immediately added another half-year prison term for distributing his farewell address to the congregation,
May 24, 1918 the Slovak National Party took the position against Hungary. Glinka, as the leader of the clerical Slovak People's Party, also supported this movement aimed at union with Czechoslovakia against the empire. But next year he began to experience doubts about the need for the Czech-Slovak Union and made a memorandum to the peace conference in Paris, which demanded a plebiscite in Slovakia on self-determination.
By August 1922 Glinka put his party in opposition to the Government of the united Czechoslovakia, Prague. In his "Szelinski memorandum," he said, the Czechs have taken away the Slovaks of their right to self determination and autonomy. Conducted later in Prague government administrative reforms have mitigated the position of Glinka, and he even allowed his deputy to the party Jozef Tiso take up his post in government.
However, in 1929, Glinka's party was again in opposition, when Andrew refused to renounce his deputy for another installment of Bela Tuka, implicated as the agent of the Hungarian. Thus, since the early 30s Party Glinka was associated with the Sudeten Germans and the Hungarian opposition in Czechoslovakia.
Glinka, of course, was an ardent patriot of Slovakia, but he never managed to understand that his fanatical hostility to the Czechs were mercilessly exploited by the Germans and Hungarians to the split of Czechoslovakia.