Edward Bradford Titchener( Psychologist)
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Biography Edward Bradford Titchener
Edward Bradford Titchener
Born: 11 January 1867, Chichester, England.
Died: August 3, 1927, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Interests: anthropology, experimental psychology, history of psychology, numismatics, philosophy, psychology and theoretical psychology.
Education: BA, University of Oxford, 1890; Doctor, University of Leipzig, 1892
. Edward Bradford Titchener, . known during his lifetime as the father of experimental psychology in America, . brought to the United States "new psychology", . experimental psychology of Wilhelm Wundt and other, . thus influencing the transition from mental philosophy to psychology in the form, . in which it exists today,
. His most significant contribution, of course, is that he gave the scientific status of psychology. Toward that end, he published his laboratory diaries - the four-volume Experimental Psychology (1901-5), in widespread use and became a model for numerous imitations. He developed experimental methods and scientific apparatus and insisted on the need for careful preparation of experimental psychologists. Defended under his leadership doctoral dissertations have always proven valid. Titchener never betrayed introspection, structuralist views. And although by themselves they do not play an important role in modern psychology, it was learned a systematic, thorough and lucid analysis, which is cultivated Titchener.
Throughout his life Titchener was the center of controversy. He played an important role in establishing the main directions of his time. Functionalism arose as a reaction to the structuralist Titchener (and Wundt), . paid great attention to the content of consciousness, . but not its function, . and preclude the adaptation, . individual differences, . psychic development, . zoopsychology and other areas, . associated with,
. Behaviorism emerged as a protest against the exclusive attention Titchener to the content of consciousness. Gestalt psychology to some extent also emerged as a reaction to atomism supporters Titchener in Germany. Titchener has played a unique role in initiating the crystallization of new ideas in psychology. Its influence is worldwide, his books have been translated into German, French, Russian, Italian, Spanish, Japanese and Polish languages.