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DEBUSSY, Claude

( French composer, pianist, conductor and critic.)

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Biography DEBUSSY, Claude
(1862-1918)
French composer, pianist, conductor, critic. He graduated from the Paris Conservatoire (1884). Student A. Marmontel (piano), E. Gyro (composition). As home pianist Russian patron H. F. von Meck - accompanied by her travels in Europe, in 1881 and 1882 went to Russia. Served as a conductor (in 1913 in Moscow and St. Petersburg) and pianist with the execution of mostly his own works, as well as a music critic (since 1901).

Debussy - the founder of musical Impressionism. In his work relied on the French musical tradition: the music of the French clavecinists (F. Couperin, F. F. Rameau), operas and romance (W. Gounod, F. Massenet). Significant was the impact of Russian music (M. P. Mussorgsky, h. A. Rimsky-Korsakov), as well as the French symbolist poetry and impressionist paintings. Debussy's music embodied in the fleeting impressions, the most subtle nuances of human emotions and natural phenomena.

A kind of manifesto of musical impressionism considered contemporaries 'Prelude Afternoon of a Faun' (on eclogue C. MallarmцL, 1894), which appeared typical of the music of Debussy fragility of sentiment, sophistication, elegance, whimsical melody, harmony koloristichnost. One of the most significant creations of Debussy - the opera 'Pelleas et Melisande' (the drama M. Maeterlinck, 1902), which was full merger of music with the action.

Debussy recreates the essence of vague, symbolic and obscure poetic text. This product along with the overall impressionistic painting, symbolist understatement inherent subtle psychology, vivid emotion in the expression of feelings heroes. Echoes of this work are found in the operas J. Puccini, B. Bartok EF. Poulenc, and. F. Stravinsky, C. S. Prokofiev. Brilliance and at the same time, transparency of orchestral palette marked 3 thumbnail 'Sea' (1905) - the largest symphonic works of Debussy. The composer has enriched the means of musical expression. He has created impressionistic melodies, are flexible and nuanced at the same time vague.

In some of his - 'Suite Bergamasque' for piano (1890), music by Mr. Mystery. D'Annunzio 'Martyrdom of St.. Sebastian '(1911), ballet' Games' (1912) and others. - Manifest features typical of later neoclassicism, they demonstrate the further exploration of Debussy's tone paint, colouristic Comparison. Debussy Piano has created a new style (etudes, preludes). His 24 Preludes for Piano (1 st - 1910, . 2-I - 1913), . equipped with a poetic name ( 'Delphic dancers', . 'Sounds and flavors soar in the evening air', . 'The girl with the Flaxen Hair', etc.), . create images of soft, . sometimes unrealistic landscapes, . simulate the plastic dance movements, . evoke the poetic vision, . genre paintings,
. Works by Debussy, one of the greatest masters of 20 at. Has had a significant influence on composers of many countries.


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  • koko for DEBUSSY, Claude
  • I ask for information for his work.
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    DEBUSSY, Claude, photo, biography DEBUSSY, Claude  French composer, pianist, conductor and critic., photo, biography
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