Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix( German composer, pianist, organist, conductor, musical and public figure.)
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Biography Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix
(1809 - 1847)
The German composer, pianist, organist, conductor, musical and public figure. The formation of Mendelssohn's aesthetic views significantly influenced interaction with prominent members of the scientific and artistic intelligentsia (in. Humboldt, D. Heine, E. T. A. Hoffmann K. M. Bebert, H. Paganini) played a great role and long-term contact with. V. Goethe, Mendelssohn inoculated sympathy for classical art, as well as lectures r. Hegel's aesthetics, which was listened to Mendelssohn in Berlin University. Creating overture to the comedy You. Shakespeare's 'Midsummer Night's Dream' (1826) - evidence of early artistic maturity Mendelssohn. A significant event in the musical life of that time was a performance of Mendelssohn's running after years of neglect 'St. Matthew Passion' And. S. Bach (1829). Simultaneously Mendelssohn acquired fame composer, pianist, violinist. In 1829-32 Mendelssohn traveled throughout Europe, travelers experience reflected in the 'Italian', 'Scottish' Symphony and other works. In 1833, Mendelssohn conducted Nizhnereynskimi music festivals, in 1833 - 1835 muzyky director in Dц+sseldorf (under Mendelssohn first performed many works of Mr.. F. Handel AND. S. Bach in. A. Mozart, L. Beethoven). In 1835 the conductor and head of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, had won international fame thanks to Mendelssohn. In 1843 at the initiative of Mendelssohn opened Leipzig Conservatory. Mandelson - one of the leading representatives of German Romanticism, . closely associated with the classical tradition (Mendelssohn's aesthetic position - the founder of the Leipzig school, relying on classic designs), . but looking for a new type of expression,
. Music Mendelssohn different desire for clarity and balance, her inherent melancholy tone, the reliance on domestic forms of music-making and the intonation of German folk songs ( 'Songs without Words "for piano, etc.). Specific for Mendelsohn shaped sphere - an elegant fantastic scherzo (overture from the music for the play "Midsummer Night's Dream ', etc.). Performing style of Mendelssohn - pianist, enemy surface virtuosity influenced his instrumental music (concerts, bands, etc.). One of the founders of the Romantic symphony, Mendelssohn has enriched his concert overture program genre ( 'Marine quiet and happy voyage', 1832, etc.).