Alexander I of Yugoslavia( Serbian Prince)
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Biography Alexander I of Yugoslavia
(1806 - 85), Serbian prince, son Karageorgiå?. After his father's death (1817) lived in Russia and served some time in the Russian army. Prince Milos Obrenovic, wanting to come to terms with the offspring Karageorgiå?, at the end of his first reign, invited A. in Serbia, where he in 1840 became adjutant of Prince Michael III, son of Milos. After the overthrow of Michael III Obrenoviä+ (1842), in which A. active not participate, the Assembly elected a. Prince.
Russia, then a friendly Obrenoviä+, did not recognize the coup, but a new election gave the previous result. Turkey, however, immediately recognized the coup and adopted the AA, not to mention the inheritance of the prince's power. Prince A. for all his time in office had to conform to the wishes of Turkey and Austria; popular movements in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Bulgaria against Turkey, Serbia met not support, and hostility and opposition.
Under the influence of Austria A. maintained neutrality during the Crimean War. The period of the reign of A. was a period of codification of laws and creating new public institutions, was issued a civil lawyer, reformed judicial system, first created the Court of Cassation, established a large number of educational institutions. Model, for the most part, served as Austria, and all the reforms were bureaucratic. A. was little popular; Obrenoviä+ agitation against him was a success and spawned a series of uprisings, which suppressed with great brutality. A movement against. popular movement in 1858 and a hostile position, occupied by the Assembly, forced a. flee to Belgrade citadel, under the protection of the Turkish garrison. Assembly proclaimed deposed him and called Milos Obrenoviä+. A. left Austria.
In 1868 he was accused of involvement in the assassination of Prince Michael III Obrenoviä+ and Serbian court sentenced in absentia to 20 years imprisonment, a Hungarian court - to 8 years in prison, and who served. Assembly has recognized all of his offspring are deprived of the Serbian throne. He left two sons: Peter, since 1903 the Serbian king, and Arseny (born in 1859), until 1903 served on the Russian military service. In B-in.