Jagiellon Alexander( fourth son of Casimir and Elizabeth of Bohemia)
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Biography Jagiellon Alexander
fourth son of Casimir and Elizabeth of Bohemia, daughter of Emperor Albrecht, grandson of Wladyslaw Jogaila, was born in 1460, ascended the throne of the Lithuanian Grand Duchy in 1492, as the Polish kingdom - in 1501, died in 1506. In addition to the very limited capacity, the distinctive traits A. were: weakness and extravagance. In the reign of A. Lithuania was attacked allies of Moscow State - Mengli Giray, the Crimean Khan, and Stephen, Moldovan Ruler. Wishing peace,. concluded a treaty with Moscow (1494) and married the daughter of John III, Helen, but it did not stop disagreements. Then turned to Poland, Lithuania and the Vilna Diet in 1499, it was agreed that henceforth the Grand Duke of Lithuania will not be chosen without the consent of Poland, and, conversely, Poland should not choose a king without the consent of the Lithuanian nobility. Shortly thereafter (1501) Melnitsky contract it was agreed that Poland and Lithuania should be one state, consisting of under one king, to be chosen in Krakow. A few months later, Alexander, after the death of Jan Olbrakht, and joined the Polish throne. King immediately after the coronation went to Lithuania, meanwhile attacked the Tatars in Poland and Moldova Stefan won Pokuttia. A. concluded a six-year truce with the Grand Duke of Moscow, which won John Vasilyevich land Mtsensk, Serpeysk, Bryansk, Dorogobuzh and Putivl not been returned to Poland. Then he forced Stephen to leave the borders of Moldavia Poland. The most important fact of his reign was drawing Jan Laski common set of laws adopted at the Diet Radom 1505.