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Artzruni Gregory

( known Armenian journalist)

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Biography Artzruni Gregory
(1845 - 92). Grandson, a native of Turkey, Armenia, Georg-aga A., moved from Wana in the South Caucasus in 1813, and the son of a general in the Russian service, Gregory A. belonged to a family that has made itself from an ancient princely family of Alexander, who played a prominent role in the time of the existence of the Armenian kingdom, but lost the dominion of the Mahometan his title and privileges. And my grandfather and his father, . doing practical activities, . With substantial funds and real estate, . Considerable attention is paid to public issues, . spread of education among the Armenians, . school case, they both tried their strength and the arena of literature, . although it did not belong to a professional writer,
. A. Born in Moscow in early childhood, he scarcely knew the native language, . receiving home care and education in Russian and French spirit, and subsequently filled in the gap self-study on the Armenian language and literature (among other things - in Vienna and Venice Mkhitarian),
. Secondary School A. received in the Tiflis Gymnasium, . higher education - first at the universities of Moscow and St. Petersburg, . then in Zurich, . Geneva, . Heidelberg and studied political science, . listened to lectures Blyunchli, . Treitschke, . Helmholtz, . Wundt and forever remained an admirer of Germanic culture,
. In Heidelberg, he received a doctorate in philosophy and political economy. Literary and journalistic activities A. began in 1865, he initially worked in the then authorities of the Armenian Press - Megu Hayastani "(Bee Armenia) and Aykagan Ashkhar" (Armenian World), . discovering temperament publicist and progressive world view (so, . he defended the need for public lectures, . coeducation of the two sexes, . emancipation of women),
. In 1872 began to appear in Tiflis his newspaper Mshak "(employee), . which was the ideological successor of the Moscow magazine "Northern Lights" (1858 - 64), . soon became one of the main Armenian authorities and published them, . with a short break, . until the end of his life,
. "Mshak", . which cooperated major literary forces, . and in the journalistic department took an active part himself A., . touched on vital issues, . stood for the spread of education, . development of Armenian literature, . Press, . Theater, . raising the material well-being of the peasantry, . reforms in church affairs, . convergence of the Transcaucasian Armenians with Turkish and t,
. d. "Mshak" soon began to enjoy considerable authority. Proponents of the opposite directions were inclined to blame a. the excessive cosmopolitanism and unwillingness to take into account national characteristics and historical traditions of the Armenian people. - See. monograph Leo, "Gregory A." (Tiflis, 1902 - 3; in Armenian). Translated into Russian of his stories "Evelyn" (Baku, 1894) and "here and there" ( "Review" in 1878, N 143 - 146).


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