ASTAFYEV Peter Evgenjevich( writer on philosophical questions)
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Biography ASTAFYEV Peter Evgenjevich
Born Dec. 7, 1846 into a wealthy noble family. Another schoolboy, he wrote his first literary work: "From Ostrogozhsk to Ivanovka" placed in the Voronezh Provincial Gazette. He graduated from the course at the Faculty of Moscow University. After reading the introductory lecture: "monism or dualism" (Yaroslavl, 1873), for three years taught a course in philosophy of law Yaroslavl Demidov Lyceum, then served as conciliator in the south-western region. By this time, his works include: "The last decade of economic life of Podolia" (J. Podolsky Statistical Committee "for 1880) and" Essays on the economic life of Podolia "(" Kievlyanin, 1880). In 1881, a. gained a place a university branch manager of the Lyceum of the Tsarevich Nicholas, and took him to the chair of philosophy, was later a censor in Moscow, and in the last years of his life - assistant professor at Moscow University. Died April 7, 1893 in St. Petersburg. His main works: "The psychological world of women, . its features, . superiority and shortcomings "(" Russian Messenger, . 1881, . Book 12, 1882, . Books 6 and 10, . separately: M., . 1882), "The concept of mental rhythm, . as the scientific basis of psychology of the sexes "(M., . 1882); "The symptoms and causes of the current mood: our technical wealth and our spiritual poverty" (two public lectures, . M., . 1885), "The meaning of history and the ideals of progress" ( "Reading in the Society of Lovers of Spiritual Enlightenment, 1885, . Book 7 - 8, . separately M., . 1886), "Suffering and joy of life: the question of pessimism and optimism" (St. Petersburg, . 1885), "Sense, . as a moral principle "(M., . 1886); "The old misunderstanding" ( "Russian Case", . 1888, . N 43), "On the question of free will" ( "Proceedings of the Moscow Psychological Society, . No.,
. III, . M., . 1889), "The doctrine of Count Tolstoy in its entirety" ( "Questions of Philosophy and Psychology", . Book 4 M., . 1890), "National identity and universal problem" ( "Russian Review", . 1880, . Book 3); "Hypnotism as a psychological problem" ( "Russian Review", . 1890, . kn,
. 9); "The ideal and passion" ( "Collection of the Moscow Illustrated Newspaper", 1891, No.. I); "public good in the beginning as a supreme moral life" (M., . 1892), "Generic sin philosophy" ( "Russian Review", . 1891, . Book 11), "Rebirth of the word" ( "Russian Messenger, . 1891, . books 11 - 12); "Our knowledge about yourself" ( "Russian Review", . 1892, . Book 12) "The will to knowledge and freedom of faith" ( "Questions of Philosophy and Psychology", . 1892, . books 13 - 14); "Lesson aesthetics" ( "Russian Review", . 1893, . Book 2) "Genesis of the moral ideal decadent" ( "Questions of Philosophy and Psychology", . 1893, . Book 16); "The last shadows of the past" ( "Questions of Philosophy and Psychology", . 1893, . Book 19),
. The most important of his essay: "Faith and knowledge in the unity of outlook" ( "The experience began a critical monadology", Moscow, 1893). As a publicist followed in well-defined conservative beliefs, a. interesting mainly for its philosophical views. In his own words A., his philosophical views can be characterized as spiritualism. The main starting point for him is the spirit, but not as substance, as well as of herself knowing a "spiritual activity, which refers to them as both a function and as its subject. Substantial being, in his opinion, not primary, but secondary and derivative. The most important source of all knowledge is the internal experience or data of immediate consciousness of the individual. This inner experience strongly opposed to external, sensuous, and the mean A. not as a method, but as something immediately given the very real activities. In connection with this is his emphatic denial of the unconscious part of our mental activity. Based on the immediate consciousness of an act of willpower, A. upholds the principle of free will and determinism is struggling with the materialists and positivists, as well as with the theory of transcendental freedom. The basis of the moral will of a. believes the feeling of love, resulting from the fullness and richness of our spiritual life and promotes awareness of the value of our existence and activities of. - Wed: SA. Vengerov, "critical-biographical dictionary of Russian writers and scientists" (Issue. 18 pages. 842 - 3, and No.. 21, p. 982 - 86, Section E. R.), "Problems of Philosophy and Psychology" (Book 18, May, M., 1893, article H. Groth, "P. E. A., and A. Kozlova, "P. E. A., as a philosopher ")," diagnoses and prescriptions "(Vestnik Evropy, 1885, 12). V. Nevezhina.