Nikolai Bakst Ignatievich( physiologist and public figure)
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Biography Nikolai Bakst Ignatievich
(1842 - 1904). He graduated from the course at St. Petersburg University and was sent abroad to prepare to engage the department of physiology. For the protection of master thesis: "The rate of transmission of stimuli to motor nerves rights", B. was appointed in 1867 assistant professor at St. Petersburg University, also read lectures on the physiology of women's health courses. As a member of scientific committee of the Ministry of Education. Chief Scientist of the BA, the most difficult issues on neural physiology, printed in the notes of the Berlin Academy of Sciences and in the "Pfluger's Archiv fur Physiologie" (1867 - 1878). In Russian B. issued: "The course of physiology of the sense organs" (No.. 1, St. Petersburg., 1886), "The importance of physiology in the study of Medicine (St. Petersburg, 1881). B. acted as a publicist, placing at the end of 1870 in the newspaper "The Voice" and "Moscow News" series of articles on the university question. He also took an active part in Jewish public life. Invited as an expert in "high commission to review existing laws on the Jews of the empire", B. tried to highlight the plight of the commission before the Jews, pointing out that the only way out of it - the equation of Jews the same rights as other people. The initiative of B. was established in 1880, the Interim Committee of handicraft and agricultural fund to promote the spread among the Jewish masses of productive labor.