Basanovich Ivan Yu( Lithuanian folklorist, anthropologist and writer, populist)
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Biography Basanovich Ivan Yu
Born in 1851, studied in Marijampole, which finished school in 1873, in Moscow in 1879 finished medical faculty. In 1880 - 1904 years in Bulgaria was the district physician, in 1882 - 83 in Prague, engaging historical and ethnological studies of the Lithuanian antiquities, founded the first Lithuanian magazine "Ausra", together with Vishtelevichem and Mikshasom. Published in the Journal of East Prussia, in different ways, through Libau and Riga, which came to Lithuania and is preparing a wide circles of the Polish-Lithuanian-Latvian intelligentsia literary revival. For the exaltation and romantic tinting ancient language and life B. engaged in finding the living monuments of antiquity in the language, customs and songs. In ethnological studies of their B. representative of the theory of Thracian-Lithuanian unity; in folklore, he established the oldest features of the Lithuanian nekrokulta, worship the souls of ancestors - Velay (cm. his essay "Isgyvenimo velin iv velnin". Chicago, 1903), published 4 volumes of Lithuanian fairy tales, a collection of folk songs and founded on his return from Bulgaria, Lithuania, the Lithuanian Scientific Society "(" Lietuvin Mouslo draugija "), who gave his library, his property, leisure, and industriousness. Under his editorial published 4 issues of "Lietuvin tauta" ( "Lithuanian people"), as the authority "of the first scientific national society rodinovedeniyu in Lithuania.