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Basargin Nikolai

( Decembrist)

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Biography Basargin Nikolai
photo Basargin Nikolai
He was born in 1799 or 1800. In 1817 he joined a volunteer at Moscow University, but soon left because he was outraged by "improper behavior and audacity" Some listeners. In 1819 he graduated from the course for school kolonnovozhatyh. In 1820, assigned to Headquarters 2 nd Army in Tulchin. Here he moved in a circle of leading officers and Burtsev was adopted in the number of members of the Union of Welfare. In his "Notes" B. writes about the circle of young officers: "The direction of this society was more serious, . than secular or casually cheerful; not avoiding entertainment, . so natural in age youth, . each tried to use spare time to mental and moral self ",
. In the Southern Society B. participation almost did not take. B. was adjutant at Kiseleva, and in 1824 was appointed a senior aide to the main headquarters of 2-Army. In this position, the rank of lieutenant, he caught 14 December. Although it while he was on leave and the insurgency took no part, but on his return to Tulchin was arrested on Jan. 8, 1826 and entered the fortress. Finally, he suffered a very hard. Based on the reports of inquiry commissions, announcing that Lieutenant B. "participated in the intent to regicide consent (this is part B. in the "Notes" categorically denies), participated in the dissemination of secret society, the adoption of one member, despite the recognition by the commission of extenuating circumstances, the High Criminal Court took the B. to the 2-th digit of criminals, and, by virtue konfirmovannogo Emperor Nicholas penalty, B. was, by deprivation of rank and nobility, was exiled to penal servitude for 20 years, with translation and then to settle. Subsequently, the lag was shortened him. From 1827 to 1836 B. held at the prison, first in Chita, and then in Peter's Plant. In 1832 he was elected "master" Artel Decembrist. From 1836 to 1856 B. lived in exile in various cities in Siberia. In 1846 he worked as a public service. Completely pardoned in 1856, B. recent years spent in the estate Bogorodskoe Moscow province, where he died in 1861. B. left memories of school for kolonnovozhatyh and NN. Muraviev (published in "Russian Archive" for 1868, Prince. 4 and 5), and "Notes", printed Bartenev in the Nineteenth Century "(h. I) (published separately in 1872). "Notes" occupy a prominent place among the memoirs of the Decembrists. Written simply, truthfully, briefly, they give little information on the movement, but beautifully painted image of the B. his outlook, as well as valuable for the data concerning the life of the Decembrists in Siberia (they entered the charter artel Decembrists). It is also the value contained in the "Notes" household material, especially the story of a convict Maslennikov and "2 Sisters". B. The basic idea: every man is able to issue a "sympathizer good sound". Criminals should be treated with special care and love, rather than blocking them all the way to correct ". B. dreams of a time when away from the criminal laws "of medieval rule of retaliation". In the conclusion of the Notes B. expresses hot joy over the fact that serfdom "dies". Bibliography cm. the word Decembrists. A. Jelaд-iд+.


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Basargin Nikolai, photo, biography
Basargin Nikolai, photo, biography Basargin Nikolai  Decembrist, photo, biography
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