Basistov Paul Efimovich( Teachers)
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Biography Basistov Paul Efimovich
(1823 - 82). He graduated from the course at Moscow University on the philosophical faculty, was a teacher of Russian language and literature in different Moscow schools. In 1857, due to the removal (for "liberalism") of the Cadet Corps, B. had to completely abandon the teachers and decide on rail service (Wed. Letter YA.I. Rostovtsev to Prince E.P. Obolensky, later printed in the "Russian Archive", 1873, N 1, and the letter of the B. on this occasion, ibid, N 4). Only a few years B. again received the right teaching. The last years of his life he was head of the Moscow city schools, a member of the department instituted the City Council, instituted a member of the City Council and chairman of the Training Division of the society dissemination of technical knowledge. In the history of Russian pedagogy B. belongs to a prominent place: on his anthology Russian youth uchilos four decades. At present, the basic principle of hrestomatii B. - Draw all the reading material from the Russian classics, Russian life and Russian life - has become a universal. In his many pupils B. provided a strong moral influence, which witnessed, for example, in his memoirs, the famous actress GN. Fedotova. Its main works: "Essays on the life and works of Zhukovsky. Reading for Young People "(Wiley, 1854 and 1883)," A Reader for use during the initial teaching the Russian language "(Course I - for reading and story, M., 1861, 17-ed. 1887. Course II - for parsing and writing exercises, M., 1868, 11-ed. 1885), "Notes on the practical teaching of Russian language" (Moscow, 1868 and 1878); "Nestorova Chronicle. With notes and vocabulary (Moscow, 1869 and 1874), "Iphigenia in Tauris, the tragedy by Euripides, translated from the Greek" (St. Petersburg, 1876), as well as a number of critical and other articles in "Notes of the Fatherland" 1856 - 60 years, in St. Petersburg. Gazette second half of 1850 and in other publications. In "St. Petersburg. Gazette B. kept constant overview of the major journals. As a critic, B. continued the tradition of Belinsky, argued with Apolo. Grigoriev and AV. Druzhinin. - See: P.N. Sakulin, "Concept Russian teacher" (Journal of Upbringing ", N 7, 1902); NK. Piksanov, article in Izvestia II Division of the Academy of Sciences "for 1911.