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Bibikov Alexander Ilyich

( statesman)

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Biography Bibikov Alexander Ilyich
photo Bibikov Alexander Ilyich
Born in 1729, Mr.. Already in 1749, Mr.. he played the charge assignments and worked on issues of artillery case. During the Seven Years' War has shown courage and military talents. In 1759, Mr.. wounded at Frankfurt an der Oder, on the occupation of the city has successfully served as commandant, and gained popularity among the population. In 1761, Mr.. won at Treptau. In 1762, Mr.. Catherine II sent Bibikova in Kholmogory to familiarize with the family of Brunswick Prince Anton Ulrich and to send him suggestions to leave Russia, but without children. Bibikov successfully performed a delicate task, but not too favorable judgments about the family of Prince, especially his eldest daughter Elizabeth, who incurred the displeasure Bibikova: one and a half years he had to live on the estate. In 1763 - 64 years. Bibikov brilliantly subdued rebellion in the Ural factories, . showed great humanity in relation to the rebels, . and took steps not only to end rebellion, . but also to elucidate its causes and to improve the economic and administrative orders in the province,
. In 1765, Mr.. Bibikov toured with the strategic goal of the southern and south-western borders of Russia. In 1767, Mr.. was elected to the commission for drafting a new Code of Kostroma Nobility. Catherine II approved the Marshal (chairman) Commission, on presentation of the procurator-general Prince. Viazemsky. But Bibikov had no significant influence on the course of meetings and work of the commission, because of the novelty and complexity of the case and the failure of its formulation. Assume that the commission was dissolved at the insistence Bibikova, there are insufficient grounds. Dissolving the commission, Bibikov finished his farewell speech with the words: "Vkorenyayte all humanity and enlightenment. In 1769, Mr.. Bibikov toured the border in Finland. June 20, 1771, Mr.. Bibikov appointed commander of the army in Poland. At the same time strong and tactful, Bibikov earned the respect of subordinates as well as Poles. Apparently Bibikov nesochuvstvenno of the policy of the empress in Poland and the first of its line. In a letter to Catherine, he wrote: "I look forward to in. V. solutions of boundary of the local business is not on the Statute of the Polish Sejm and the instructions, but on Zbornomu (the council) codes and novoukaznym articles ". After the transfer of Polish Bibikov remarks: "Finally, I will not prevent the type and intention of the fate of the Polish". November 29, 1773, Mr.. Bibikova was responsible for the suppression of the Pugachev rebellion with the broadest powers. Bibikov showed great energy, thanks in large measure, it is his position Pugacheva has deteriorated, and the siege was lifted a number of cities. This Bibikov not only fought the rebellion, but to introduce order into the administration, with the assistance of persons who arrived with him, among whom was Derzhavin. April 9, 1774, Mr.. He died in Bugulma. Award commander in chief and Knight of the Order of St. Andrew did not catch him alive. Derzhavin lamented Bibikova in a long ode; Empress bestowed his family a large estate. All data indicate that Bibikov combined brilliant military and administrative ability, a great diplomatic tact with the independence of opinion and incorruptible honesty. It was not an empty word of his assurance that he broke in Poland due to costs associated with his post. He was born and died a wealthy nobleman, leaving his family with little means of subsistence, and in this respect quite different from the other major figures of the time. He translated works on military affairs, transferred to another chapter of "Belisarius" Marmontel. - See. literature on the time of Catherine II, especially the Polish affairs and the Pugachev Rebellion. The main source for the biography Bibikova - "Notes on the life and service of AI. Bibikova, written by his son, Sept.. BA (St. Petersburg, 1817, reprinted, with documentary supplements, MA, 1865). Biographical sketch placed MA. Polievktovym in the Russian Biographical Dictionary ". A. El-h.


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