Bialik, Chaim Nahman( Contemporary Jewish poet)
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Biography Bialik, Chaim Nahman
Born in 1874,. in a poor family in one of the towns in Volyn. Early lost his father, the boy appeared to Zhitomir to his grandfather, the old Talmud, he was sent to heder and later studied at the Volozhin "the yeshiva" - Graduate School of Talmudic knowledge. Further life Bialik is full of wandering and hard struggle for existence, only a relatively late he has devoted himself entirely literature. In recent years, lives in Odessa, directing one of the best Jewish Book Publishing industry. Motives of Bialik's poetry is deeply nationwide: he clearly expressed his sadness and Jewish culture, and horror of the tragic collapse of a Jewish and an attraction to the sun, to present a full life and soul of the Jewish revolt against centuries of slavery. Consistent with this basic explanation of the work can be divided into three categories Bialik. The first category includes pages, reflecting - that in the symbols, the domestic scenes - all the bleak existence of the Jewish. The second category includes a poem dedicated to life in all its fullness and beauty, inaccessible to the children of the ghetto. This - the passionate hymns in honor of the sun, nature, love. The third category consists of works in which Bialik embodied protest and rebellion of the Jewish soul. Mutiny Bialik is not directed specifically against external oppression: for him the main point of the Jewish fall - in obedience to the passivity of the Jews, and against the psychology of "the beaten slave," he encampeth with a rare power of reproach and indignation. The most remarkable of the works of this kind - "Legend of the massacre", which was the response to the events of Kishinev in 1903. Stand out "The dead of the desert" - the best of the poems of Bialik, . originally conceived and developed the artistic attempt to recreate the grandeur of Israel, . those days, . when current humble people was still a rebel, . "necked" tribe and was able to fight against the people and God,
. In modern Jewish poetry of Bialik belongs first. Bialik poems written in the Jewish, and some of colloquial-Jewish language, they have repeatedly been translated into European languages, in 1911. out three collections of translations: in Russian - Zhabotinsky ( "Songs and Poems", 2 ed., St. Petersburg., 1912), in German and Italian.