Voyeikov Alexander Fedorovich( satirist and journalist)
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Biography Voyeikov Alexander Fedorovich
Born November 15, 1778, died June 16, 1839, Mr.. He studied at Moscow University, boarding school, where he began his literary career. A friend of Zhukovsky, Merzlyakov, Turgenev, and took an active part in friendly Literary Society. In 1806, Mr.. attracted the attention of the "Message to Speranski the true prosperity". In 1812, Mr.. enlisted and remained there until the expulsion of the French. In 1814, Mr.. married Alexandrine Protassova, niece of Zhukovsky. During the six years he taught Russian language and literature at the University of Dorpat, not left a good memory, because he was ill prepared for this case. In 1820, Mr.. Voyeikov moved to St. Petersburg and entered the service of the breech. In 1821 - 1822 he. He worked in the "Son of the Fatherland" Grech, from 1822 to 1826. published the first with VI. Kozlov, then one, "News of Literature," from 1822 to 1839, Mr.. editor of "Russian Invalid" and "Literary Additions' to him in 1827 - 1830 he. - Slav, military and literary magazine. He translated Voltaire and Delisle, issued the "Exemplary compositions in prose of famous ancient and modern writers" and "Collection of Russian model essays and translations in prose and verse; these anthologies were once useful for schools and public. Home Voyeikov gained its fame satire "The Madhouse", the first time it was written in 1814, then was revised and supplemented several times, until the death of the author. In this verse pamphlet ridiculed administrators (Magnitsky, . Runich, . Krasovskii - Arakcheyev castoffs "), , . writers Kachenovsky, . Shalikov, . Shishkov, . Zhukovsky, . Bulgarin, . Grech, . Senkovsky, . Field, . Belinsky and others, . up to and including the author,
. Satire was sketchy and rough, and lashed right and left, had the character of a literary scandal, but there is in it, and accuracy, and performance workshops. It has long appealed to the manuscript, and only in 1857. was printed entirely. In the same way, but in prose, written Voeikov "Parnassian Address-Calendar. In the personal and literary relations Voyeikov was heavy and unpleasant. - See. E. Kolbasin Literary figures of the last time "(St. Petersburg, 1859); In. Burnashov "My acquaintance with Voeikov" ( "Russian Messenger", 1871, N 9 - 11), E. Petukhov, "Department of Russian Language and Literature in Yuryev (Dorpat) University (Yur'ev, 1900), Alexander Veselovskii, VA. Zhukovsky (St. Petersburg, 1904); п-.пг. Voyeikov "Madhouse and Parnassian Address, Calendar, with an introductory article and comments and. Rozanov and H. Sidorova ( "Universal Library, Moscow, 1911). N. K. Pv.