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Vorontsov-Dashkov Hilarion Ivanovich

( Russian statesman)

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Biography Vorontsov-Dashkov Hilarion Ivanovich
photo Vorontsov-Dashkov Hilarion Ivanovich
Born in 1837, studied at Moscow University, during the passage of the course started in East (Crimean) War, and he joined a volunteer in the Life Guards cavalry regiment. From 1859, Mr.. served in the Caucasus, where he participated in several military expeditions against the highlanders, in 1865. distinguished himself during the storming of the fortress Uratube in Turkestan. He was briefly Lieutenant Governor of Turkestan, then Chief of Staff of the Guards Corps. During the war 1877 - 1878 he. commanded a cavalry detachment ruschukskogo heir to the Crown Prince (later Tsar Alexander III). In 1878, Mr.. appointed head of the Second Guards Infantry Division. After accession to the throne of Emperor Alexander III (1881) was appointed Chief of His Majesty and the state's chief horse-breeding, and in August 1881. - Minister of the imperial court and principalities. In March 1881. Vorontsov-Dashkov organized a kind of secret society called the Voluntary Protection ", . later renamed to "Holy Druzhina", . which came in quite a few dignitaries (Pobedonostsev, . Ignatiev, . also Katkov), . and which was to protect the identity of the Emperor, and fight against sedition secret funds,
. By controlling the state horse-breeding, Vorontsov-Dashkov significantly improved formulation of the case and has increased the output of horses abroad. As Minister of the court, he made a series of reforms in the formulation of the Imperial Theaters. In 1897. He left his post as Minister of the court and appointed a member of the Council of State. During the Russian-Japanese War 1904 - 1905 he. Acting chairman of the Red Cross. In February 1905. appointed viceroy of the Caucasus and left them still (1912). During the revolutionary movement in the Caucasus (1905 - 1906) he took a series of harsh measures to suppress, . but still did not satisfy them no Black-Hundred print, . nor members of the "right" in the State Duma, . who accused him of dispensations aliens and revolutionaries,
. He has written 10-second letter in "Letters on the current state of Russia 1879 - 1880" General Fadeev (St. Petersburg, 1881). - See. VY. Bogucharsky "From the history of political struggle in the 70's and 80's. XIX century. "(Moscow, 1912).


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