Galich Alexander( One of the first followers of Schelling in Russia)
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Biography Galich Alexander
son of the sexton, was born in 1783, studied at Sevsk Theological Seminary and the St. Petersburg Pedagogical Institute. In 1808, Mr.. Government, referring to the founding of St. Petersburg University, sent abroad among the best students of the institute and Galich, to prepare for a professorial chair in philosophy. Abroad Galich listened skeptic Schulze and eclectic Buterveka, but carried away Schelling. In 1813, Mr.. Galich returned to Russia and presented the conference of the Institute's thesis, . which was approved, but the conference echoed, . that "the set contained in it, or anyone new and, . a very small number of philosophers adopted speculation, . it should not print ",
. Galich was brought home to it "when teaching in Russian schools of philosophy are not entered his system, but would have kept the books, the authorities imposed". By the usual philosophical subjects - logic, psychology, metaphysics and ethics - Galich joined by the history of philosophy. At the same time Galich taught Latin in Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum and was among the teachers of Pushkin. In 1819, Mr.. Pedagogical Institute was reorganized into the University, which Galich was the first representative of philosophical faculty. In 1818 - 1819 he. Galich published in two volumes of "History of Philosophical Systems", compiled on the basis of the German works of Sacher, Asta, and other Tennemana. The presentation ended system of Schelling. Shortly after v. Galic, along with three other professors, was instituted school district trustee Runich accusation of atheism and revolutionary designs. Galich was blamed that he was setting out in his book of different philosophers, does not refute their. Runich likened the book Galic pernicious poison. "I, myself, - he said at a meeting of the Conference of the University - if not a true Christian, and if grace than I did not fall, I myself am not responsible for their proclivities for reading books Galic". "You obviously - he continued, turning to Galich - prefer paganism to Christianity, the philosophy of promiscuous virgin bride of Christ Church, Kant, godless - to Christ, and Schelling - the Holy Spirit". Higher power looked at it differently: for Galich was on a salary extraordinary professor, and a government apartment, and when the reform of the University 1837. deprived him of a livelihood, he had received a supply man with the head of the archive department of. Despite the adversity befell him, Galich continued to work and published several books. Most of it was filled by two labor: "The universal right" and "philosophy of history" but as soon as he had time to finish, as in his absence, the fire destroyed them without leaving a trace. This is so affected Galic, that he was a little down and drink. Died in 1848.
A brief compendium of philosophy Shellingovoy Galich published under the title "The features of speculative philosophy, selected from B-b-ra, Ka-on, T-n-ra and others and issued a. P-them "(St. Petersburg, 1829). Much more self-sufficient "Experience the elegant science" (St. Petersburg, 1825). Under graceful Galitch understands sensually perfect manifestation of the great truth through the free operation of the moral force of genius. Determine the general conditions and the laws of manifestation - the task of science elegant. Ability to solve this problem is based on the innate sense of beauty and ideas on the need for fine. "Picture Rights edifying experience of reading about things to all self-educated classes" (St. Petersburg, 1834) is an independent attempt at a systematic collection of information, extracted modern writers anthropology. Basic Law for all manifestations of human beings - is the law of harmony. It requires, . all parties and the relationship of human life poses a whole, . that they conform with the general nature of man, . that the hostel people favored their purpose and, . Finally, . to life of every man maintained a necessary relationship to its universe,
. These four kinds of harmony are just different sides of the same great harmony. The major problem of life is to move from one state to another, more free and harmonic. A person can contribute to solving this problem to the extent to which more and more permeated the consciousness of development. Solve the same problem also contribute to the efforts of people remain in the public relations unanimity, justice and love. Human life, as part of nature, is subject to the general laws of the latter. Everywhere we find an active force, tirelessly striving for freedom and overcoming matter. The result of this struggle is a series of test creatures and, finally, - a man. As can be seen, Galich holds the same law of development, which can be found in almost all Schelling. Considering the emotional life of man, . He divides it into thinking, . volition, . heart and imagination, . but then stresses, . that all of these areas are inextricably bound together, . so that no act, . who would not enter into an element of all four areas,
. Between the physical and spiritual life there is full compliance. "Is not - asked Galich - spirituality only sublimation natural life, the thinning of the nervous system, the extreme degree of conversion of general efiraN" However, Galich was aware of the riskiness of such a hypothesis, and therefore does not insist on it. The whole book is written quite peculiar language. Examples illustrating the passion, often borrowed from Russian life (such as embezzlement, in its different forms).
Other works Galic have a random character. These are: "The theory of eloquence to all kinds of prose writings, . extracted from a German library philology "(Saint-Petersburg, . 1830), "The logic, . selected from Klein (St. Petersburg, . 1831), "Lexicon of philosophical subjects" (Saint-Petersburg, . 1845, . stops at the letter B),
. Galich wrote a biography of academician A. Nikitenko (Journal of the Ministry of National Education, 1869, January, and separately, St. Petersburg, 1869). See. and F. Lannes, "Coup d'oeil sur l'histoire de la philosophie en Russie" ( "Revue philos.", 1891, July). Detailed article on "Science of the elegant" placed in "Son of the Fatherland" (1826, t. 106 - 108). YA. Kolubovsky.