Gennady Gonozov( Archbishop of Novgorod in 1484 - 1504 years)
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Biography Gennady Gonozov
the first prominent opponent of the heresy of the so-called Judaizers. His position in Novgorod was very difficult: it was the second person, who took the chair for the purpose of Moscow. Just stating a zealous servant of Moscow, Gennady persistently set to be held in the Novgorod diocese of political and religious aspirations of the central government. He met with stubborn opposition from local clergy, which Moscow's dominance has caused material damage to the confiscation of church and monastery lands and a rich treasury of Sofia. Gennady proceed slowly and cautiously, but consistently. He has ensured that the local clergy are accustomed to the veneration of saints and the saints of Moscow and put into the daily services of prayer for the emperor. In one of his first messages Gennady made program relations of the clergy to government power: the clergy should obey orders of the authorities, . For Moscow's rulers "obedience more than the stares of many virtues," but at the same time great sovereigns must recognize rukovodstvennuyu role of the clergy and to obey him - point of view, . fully taken up and developed Josephite clergy,
. In the spirit of this program began and Gennady combat heresy, whose existence is not recognized earlier in 1487, Mr.. This struggle was not on the basis of dogmatic and theological disputes and accusations, and the means of administrative Car. Gennady considered directly harmful theological debate with the heretics in the message to the cathedral, the bishops expressed the idea that the cathedral of faith should not be allowed because "the people we just do not know how the usual book says". Cathedral of the heretics is needed only in order "to their kazniti, zhechi and veshati". Gennady even tried to arrange, immersed example of "blister" the king, the approximate Auto de fe: when the cathedral in 1490, Mr.. Some heretics sentenced to imprisonment, and sent them to Novgorod, . Gennady then ordered to meet them outside the city, . dress in bark helmet with the inscription: "Behold Satanin host", . put on the horses face-to-tail, and in a way to drive through the streets, . and then light their helmets,
. Energetic measures against the heretics, recommended Gennady not realized, as the heretics have found support in Moscow and lived quietly there. Since then, the fight against heresy Gennady obscured the figure of Joseph Volotskii. The last important measure for countering heresy from Gennadiy was a meeting of all the books of Scripture and drawing paschal. He cared about the spread of education among the clergy. Since in this environment, not only did not have enough trained people, but even there were few literate, Gennady petitioned the Metropolitan Simon establishing schools. In 1503, Mr.. He was summoned to the Cathedral in Moscow, where he discussed and resolved in the affirmative the question of nevzimanii requisitions when set at the church and hierarchical positions. Despite this, Gennady, according to the Chronicle, he began to take a bribe to the priests for the delivered more than ever, for that in 1504. Grand Duke and brought him to the Metropolitan Department. In June of that year, he filed a letter of abdication of the Metropolitan, and settled in Chudovo monastery, died shortly thereafter. Several letters Gennady published in "Pam. kan. cr., "" Act. East. "Volume I, and y and. Khrushchov: "On the composition of Joseph Sanin". - See. Nikitsky, "Essay on the internal history of the church in. Novgorod "(St. Petersburg, 1879); Gradnitsky," Gennady, Archbishop of Novgorod "(" Orthodox Review ", 1878, and September 1880, August), E. Golubinskii, "History of the Russian Church", Volume II (Moscow, 1900), 563 - 574, 605 - 607. M. D.