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Golovnin Alexander

( statesman)

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Biography Golovnin Alexander
photo Golovnin Alexander
(1821 - 1886), son of Admiral. At the end of the course in the Alexander Lyceum, . Golovnin began service in the Office of Empress Maria, . then in particular the Office of the Minister of Internal Affairs Perovsky, . on behalf of which was "Essay on the history and current situation of cities in Finland",
. Turning to the 1848. to serve in the navy, Golovnin soon gained the full confidence of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich and became friendly with a circle of persons who subsequently became prominent figures of the reign of Emperor Alexander II. Golovnin corresponded with the Grand Duke, was a mediator between him and many public figures and writers, led the "Sea collection," participated in organizing the expedition to explore people's life in Russia. Complained to the 1859 g. title of Secretary of State, Golovnin in the same year was appointed a member of the Governing Board schools under the Ministry of Education, at the end of 1861,. - Manager of the Ministry of Education, and a year later confirmed as the Minister. Golovnin managed to hold a series of radical reforms. undergone a complete transformation of the central administration of the Ministry, with the censorship office was transferred to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Significant changes were made in the order management school districts: strengthened the power of trustees and finally destroyed administrative dependency of the lower secondary schools from. University question has been widely and principled resolution of the new charter June 18, 1863, livening up the scientific and academic life of universities. Less is definitely and firmly resolved was the question of secondary education. Charter 19 November 1864, Mr.. focused on the principle of duality in the secondary education system, providing time and experience permit is extremely acute in the 1860 dispute between classicism and realism. In connection with the liberation of the peasants was resolved the question of the lowest public education. The situation of primary national schools July 14, 1864, Mr.. first staged at the broad base of the national system of primary education, calling for the care of it rural and urban bodies of self -. Touched upon a number of important issues of educational policy in the outskirts, in the Polish kingdom in the Western Region, in the Baltic provinces. Training business in the Kingdom of Poland remained outside the Ministry to the restoration in 1867, Mr.. Warsaw school district. The educational system in the Baltic region remained the same basis. The most important fact was a new statute Dorpat University on Nov. 9, 1865, Mr.. The issue of teaching the Russian language and Russian schools on the institution in the Baltic region has caused some fundamental differences between Golovnin, on the one hand, the archbishop of Riga Plato and the Governor-General Count Shuvalov - on the other. Representatives of the highest local authorities insisted on radical measures, Golovnin thought it necessary to adhere to caution and gradualism. In 1865, Mr.. assumptions were made about a number of scientific expeditions: Ethnographic, Archaeological, Maritime. A characteristic feature of the Ministry of Education under Golovnina was widely publicized, attracting educated society to discuss the most important activities of the Ministry of. The journal of the Ministry and the individual books and pamphlets printed excerpts from the reports of trustees and auditors on the state schools, all sorts of projects, official and private feedback and opinions about them. In 1864, Mr.. initiated publication of the Digest of decisions and orders of the Ministry of Public Education ". In 1865, typing in "Overview of the Ministry for 1862 - 1876, Golovnin special report outlined the plans and assumptions relating to secondary schools, school district, female, Jewish, private, veterinary, home teachers, scientists, institutions. These assumptions were considered in a special commission of Count Stroganov. Commission pointed to the need for greater prudence and economy in the performance of broad plans Golovnina. But before the commission of Count Stroganov comments were submitted to the emperor, 14 April 1866. Golovnin was dismissed from the post of Minister. The resignation was in connection with the assassination attempt on the life of the Emperor April 4, 1866, disclose the fact of distribution among students of the revolutionary doctrines. - Wed. SV. Christmas "Historical review of the Ministry of National Education," Chapter. VI.


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