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GRIGOROVICH Viktor Ivanovich

( Famous Slavic)

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Biography GRIGOROVICH Viktor Ivanovich
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Born April 30, 1815, Mr.. in the Baltics, where his father served; Grigorovich's mother was Catholic, and in a family dominated Polish. Studied in the Baltics and Uman in the Basilian school, then at Kharkov University. After graduating from there the course of four years spent in Dorpat, diligently engaged in philosophy and classical philology. In 1839, Mr.. invited to Kazan at the Department of Slavic dialects. In 1840, Mr.. Grigorovich, introduced in the Faculty Kandidatsk essay "Study on the Old Church Slavonic dialect", . which favored (though, , . and on his return published master's thesis: "The experience of presenting literature Slavs in its main epochs",
. It was, . According Kotlyarovskogo, . "the first academic essay in Russia's Slavic literature from the perspective of Slavic reciprocity", . first attempt to "understand the individual facts of Slavic history and literature to show the need for them and the logical sequence; here not only Russian and Polish literature were considered in parallel, . as part of one whole, . and comparing the facts of the literary life of these peoples, . for which until then did not recognize any literature,
. In 1844, Mr.. Grigorovich went on a mission to the Slavic lands, where he remained 21 / 2 years, mainly within the European part of Turkey. This trip was something in the nature of the scientist's martyrdom, which required extraordinary energy and love for the cause. An account of the part and the results presented in the book of Grigorovich's "Essay on travel to Turkey in Europe" (in Studies of the Kazan University, 1848, Prince. III, and separately, 2 nd ed., Moscow, 1877). As a professor, Grigorovich has attracted exceptional students while the simplicity of treatment, purely comradely proximity to them. On certain days they were going to have it easily. In 1849, Mr.. useful activities Grigorovich in Kazan was interrupted by his transfer to Moscow, the place Bodyansky. At Moscow University, . which he was to some extent imposed, . Grigorovich felt very uncomfortable and almost did not read the lectures, but his vast knowledge and a precious collection of manuscripts, . removed them from the Slavic lands, and from Mount Athos, . and there rendered service of science, . arousing interest in paleography FI,
. Buslayev etc.. Grigorovich returned to Kazan and from 1854 to 1856, except for the University, taught at the Kazan Theological Academy, which also formed a number of useful workers. In 1865, Mr.. Grigorovich was appointed professor at the newly opened University of Novorossiysk. Grigorovich Odessa attracted by its proximity to the Slavs and ancient Byzantium and diversity of its population, . among them "without a lexicon can learn languages", . attracted and Research Center as a vast territory, . preserving in the depths of its rich past remains, but for the new university Grigorovich was a precious purchase as a man, . combines almost youthful, . Despite its 50 years, . energy and willingness to manage classes of students as it as their older comrade,
. Worked for 11 years Grigorovich in Odessa and left behind the most grateful memories and a whole school of Slavonic scholars, historians and archaeologists. In 1876, Mr.. Grigorovich resigned and moved to Elizavetgrad where going to do trips to all parts of southern Russia, but on December 19 of that in 1876 he suddenly died. His students and admirers at the same time started to collect donations for the construction of a monument to him, . which, thanks to the care of the newly founded at Novorossiysk University of historical and philological society is open to grave Grigorovich October 18, 1892, Mr.,
. Proceedings of Grigorovich is not extensive, but they all, without exception, of course, independent and deeply imbued with the unity of the original vision. Grigorovich clearly acknowledge the special problems of Russian science: the study of Byzantium and the Slavs, he pointed out to her extensive and fruitful field, given to her, if not exclusive, the predominant use of history itself, together with Buslaev etc.. He was the founder of scientific, historical Slavophilism, in contrast to Moscow Slavophilism polufilosofskomu, polupoeticheskomu. Major works Grigorovich, . addition to the above: "Articles, . concerning the Old Slavonic language "(Kazan., . 1852), "Description of the Four Gospels, . the written Glagolitic "(" Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences, . in Part II. ", . II, . 242, . 1852), "Message from Russian Metropolitan John II" ( "The researchers note II Branch of the Academy of Sciences", . I, . 1854); on Serbia in its relation to the neighboring powers in the XIV - XV century. " (Kazan, . 1859); "Old Slavonic monument, . supplementing the life of the Apostles Cyril and Methodius "(Kazan, . 1862); "as my relationship to the Church of Constantinople outlying northern peoples in the early tenth century." (Odessa, . 1866), "From the annals of science Slavic" ( "Notes of the Novorossiysk University, . VI, . 1871); "YA.A,
. Comenius, Slavic teacher-realist XVIII century. "(Odessa, 1871)," Notes on a trip of his antiquarian on the Kalka and Kalmus, etc. ";" The participation of Serbs in our social relations "(" Notes of Novorossiysk University ", XXI, 1876 ). After the death of Grigorovich in the Proceedings of the Kiev architect. Congress' printed a number of his essays, as Professor Smirnov published in Warsaw and Voronezh three of his university course. Part of his precious manuscripts, taken from the Slavic lands, and from Mount Athos, Grigorovich sacrificed Novorossiysk University in its very basis (description in. Moczulski published in the 1 st issue of the Chronicle History of the Philological Society ", Odessa, 1890), the rest of his manuscripts, papers and printed books purchased by the Rumyantsev Museum. - See. Sreznevsky "Collection Branch of the Russian language and lyrics. Academy of Sciences ", XVIII; Murzakevich" Notes of the Odessa Society of History and Antiquities ", XI; Assumption" Memories of Grigorovich "(" Chronicle of the Historical-Philological Society, 1890); Kirpichnikov "VI. Grigorovich, and its significance in the history of Russian science "(" Historical Journal ", 1892, N 12); Kochubinsky" AY. Comenius. VI. Grigorovich "(Odessa, 1893) and others. The greatest number of materials collected "Slavic Review", 1892, July and trace. - Wed. Vengerov Sources Dictionary of the Russian writer, and Jagic "Slavic Encyclopedia". A. Kirpichnikov.

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