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Grinchenka Boris

( Famous Ukrainian writer and ethnographer)

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Biography Grinchenka Boris
(aliases Vasil Chaychenko, Yves. Perekatipole etc.)
(1863 - 1910)
A popular teacher in Sumy county, served in zemstvos in Chernigov and Kiev. In 1895 - 1899 years in Chernigov Hrinchenko edited the ethnographic material, a valuable collection on the ethnography of Little Russia, in particular, songs and tales. Very valuable as Grinchenko published in 1901. "Bibliography of Ukrainian Folklore 1777 - 1900 years" (Chernigov). His observations of people's everyday life Grinchenko outlined in numerous special articles and literary adaptation in the novels and stories. As a connoisseur of Little Russian language, Hrinchenko edited the Russo-Ukrainian Dictionary Umantsa. During the processing of the Ukrainian language dictionary, published in 1907. in 4 volumes, Grinchenko was awarded Kostomarova. Novels and short stories published in Galician Grinchenko editions: "Zora", "Literary Research Bulletin", in "Antiquities of Kiev", in III T. "Vika". Separately issued "Create Vasil Chaychenka" (Lviv, 1891) and "Opovidannya" (Kiev, 1899); Hrinchenko collected works published in Kiev. In the stories Hrinchenko depicted mostly miserable situation impoverished peasants. In stories Hrinchenko evident familiarity with the people's life and literary art, in the absence, however, bright colors and inner strength. Some sluggishness and lengthy noticeable in the larger narratives Grinchenko: "In the midst of the dark night" (1901) and "Under the quiet willows". Language in his smooth, simple and clean. He wrote many poems in the Little language indicating a poetic gift. The best of them reprinted in I t. "Vika" (Kiev, 1902). Grinchenko better succeed poems on subjects close to the Ukrainian nature, for example: "On the field," "vague pictures", "The Forest", "Night," "In the Night," "I temryavi". Complaining of darkness and oppression, by hope for a better future ( "If temryava rot") and calls for work in the name of a better future. In 1902, Mr.. in Chernigov out "Drama and Comedy Hrinchenko with 4 AMD:" The clear dawns "," Stepovoy hysteresis "," In the midst of the storm "and" Arsene Yakorenko "and one comedy -" Nahmarylo ". Their ideology is much to the detriment of artistic truth and realism. Best play Hrinchenko considered "Arsen Yavorenko", although the drama suffers from biased division of actors on the course of virtuous and vicious course. But they are very suitable for the people scenes. Hrinchenko translated poems "William Tell" and "Mary Stuart" by Schiller and a few poems by Goethe, Heine and other poets. For the folk and children's reading Grinchenko was an article on and. Kotlyarevskogo, Gutenberg, Garfield, combs, T. Kvitko, a collection of Ukrainian folk tales (1910). In 1900, Mr.. Grinchenko issued a reference book - "Catalog Ukrainian Museum of Antiquities VV. Tarnovsky ". In the history of national revival of the Ukrainian people Grinchenko played a major role as a publicist, writer, scientist, man of deep faith in the rightness of their cause and the high ideal sentiment. Hrinchenko the subject of many articles in the Little-Russian magazines and newspapers, mostly in the "Rada". - See. Efremov "the grave Grinchenko" (autobiography, memoirs). N. Sumtsov.


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