Gruzenberg Oscar Osipovich( well-known lawyer and public figure)
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Biography Gruzenberg Oscar Osipovich
Born in 1866, graduated from the Law Faculty of Kiev University in 1889, Mr.. District attorney of the St. Petersburg Chamber. Was among the founders of the newspaper "Pravo", where in 1898 - 1901 years edited (with VD. Nabokov), Criminal Division. The most famous Gruzenberg acquired as a criminal defender, in particular - political and literary affairs. He defended a number of writers and public figures, such as M. Gorky, Korolenko, Annensky, Peshekhonov, Vengerov, Milyukov, Petrazhitsky, Hesse, Chukovskogo etc.. He stood at the head of security in the "Council of Workers' Deputies" (1906) and acted in the case of the Vyborg Manifesto (in 1908, in the Senate). Gruzenberg also participated in one or another stage of production by the largest Jewish affairs (the accusation of the Jews, Mr.. Orsha in the attack on the Christian population from the motives of religious hatred; case of the Kishinev pogrom; case Dashevsky, accused of attempted murder Krushevan, etc.). Particularly important is the case D. Blondesa accused of attempted murder of a Christian girl, and it was suggested ritual purposes crime. Gruzenberg succeeded in the first appeal (guilty) verdict and final justification Blondesa. In 1911 - 13 years Gruzenberg conducted as a vigorous struggle for the cause of a similar nature Bayliss. Equally remarkable statement Gruzenberg in cases tried in military courts (especially the case Pirogov; about it st. Korolenko in "Russian Theology), where he had the most severe conditions to fight for the life of the accused and to save them. Gruzenberg deservedly enjoys a reputation as an excellent speaker trial. Despite the fact that his speeches are always treated with the utmost care the legal and factual material, it is his tumultuous impetuosity impression of improvisation, and the stronger the impression they achieved. Along with this, Gruzenberg considered one of the experts on the theory and practice of Russian criminal law and, in particular, the process. V. NB.