Gusev Sergey Ivanovich( talented writer, who writes under the name Gusev, Orenburg)
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Biography Gusev Sergey Ivanovich
Born in 1867, Mr.. in Orenburg.
His father, originally a Cossack was ruined, and Gusev had to leave school and sit in the shop. Under the influence of populist literature, especially Gleb Uspensky, Gusev entered the popular teacher, and then, directly carrying out further its goal of serving the country "- in the rural priests. "The priests, - he says - I spent six years. Those six years were a time of severe self-determination, disappointment and ill-analysis. In 1898, Mr.. Gusev resigned his holy orders. Placed stories in various periodicals; in the Kiev newspaper "for two years led feuilleton (" provincial motives ") under the pseudonym" Mr. Dorrit ". In 1903, Mr.. released a collection of stories Guseva, who created his literary name. Some have been translated into Czech Stin'om. Gusev draws mainly Orenburg region and part of Siberia ( "home"). So sometimes his stories take an ethnographic nature, except for the Ural Cossacks, on the scene often appear Kyrgyz, Tatars, Mordvinians, Bashkirs. The general way, however, it is all the Russias. Gusev - mainly bytopisatel rural clergy. In the manner of life "spiritual fathers" dominates most intense concern for material well-being, that may be required to pay for the higher rate, so that parishioners are not fooled, and instead of a goose is not stuck to chicken. Not the slightest desire to make an impact on the parishioners to buy. Every obligation, not related to reward, is seen as an intolerable burden. Priest ( "lean Rumor") tries to persuade the peasants to organize themselves in Zemstvo school, rather than parochial, because in the latter he will teach for free, and district council will pay for the teaching of God's law. Even in a good cause ( "Father of Pamphylia") priest, save the poor from the clutches of powerful Cossack chieftain, still pronounces himself that nothing will remove it saved hay. The priest, who was present at just how removed people from the loop ( "Evil Spirit"), immediately, as hanged a little away, calls him a chicken. And this is certainly good-natured priest. Angry and vengeful father squeezes out of a peasant's ransom, that he only ahaet (Kahetinka). On the shepherd, who brought to the fore the "truth", rather than collecting money for the services of need, referred to as eccentrics and visionaries ( "The Good Shepherd"). Idealistic priest (Idealist), in the Gospel relates to his vocation, his own brothers as szhivaet with light. Range of interests is striking in its lowlands, the joy of life comes down to one central point - drinking. Gusev, least of all, however, that the accuser in any cost. Consistently in the black light it exhibits only spiritual bureaucracy, Consistory and bishops, in the portrait gallery of rural priests is no shortage of types of light and even touching. It paints the ugly picture of Gusev and stories depicting the life of the people. At village meetings reign bloodsuckers and fists, the poor peasants for a bottle of vodka give their consent to anything. Spiritual forces available right development, strong and talented people from the people, under the influence of the needs, profane insults and especially flogging, go to the horse thief, become murderers, their own lives. A major step forward compared with the colorful and talented, . but rather, monotonous stories Gusev, Orenburg on the village priest and drink, . represented the largest and the volume of his work - "Land of the Fathers" (in Volume IV compilation "Knowledge", . St.Petersburg, . 1905), . which clearly affected feverish hopes of revolutionary excitement,
. Background here before, but it is given a broad picture of social upheaval in recent years. The author refused to consider a "Land of the Fathers" to any particular literary family. This is not a story, not an essay, not a story, not even exclusively fiction. Author-realist, like in the drama of the XVIII century. Not shy in the space of a few days a number of major life and psychological changes. And in general in his polusimvolicheskoy picture of the birth of a new public mood cares little about the full realism and a lot of journalistic departures. Thesis of the "Land of the Fathers" is Nietzsche's dictum: "You must be exiles from the country of your fathers. The country of your children need you to love ". Polusimvolicheski, but still quite clearly the author shows how "new force some kind of grew up in life". Renewing of the economic priest in active narodolyubtsa father Ivan Gonibesov with amazement saw the emergence of a new breed of people, "fiery, like the Maccabees". In further his works Gusev continues to hold the same elevated tone, and this in the days of full-wave decline of the former is already generating excitement in the reader only bewilderment. Works Gusev collected in 3 volumes (St. Petersburg, 1903 - 1910). S. Vengerov.