Gyuldenshtedt John Anton( Russian academician)
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Biography Gyuldenshtedt John Anton
(1745 - 1781). He studied in Riga, received his medical degree in Berlin. Academy of Sciences in Russia, invited him to St. Petersburg (1768) to participate in expeditions organized by it. Originally Academy asked him to visit only the Astrakhan province, but then its area of travel was significantly increased. In traveling he spent 7 years (from 1768 to 1775). In 1770, Mr.. He was elected assistant professor at the academy, in 1771,. - Validity of its member and professor of natural history, in 1780, Mr.. - President of the Free Economic Society. His writings show a deep and thorough knowledge and keen interest in the study subjects. He had an outstanding moral character, during the epidemic in 1781, he was so selfless treated patients that the depletion of overwork his body did not survive the illness, which he contracted.
Most importantly, his work: "Reisen durch Russland", published in 1787 and 1791 years of Academician Pallas. Gyuldenshtedt investigated the sources of the Dvina, . Dnieper, . Volga and Don, drove through Voronezh, . Novokhopersk and Tsaritsyn to Astrakhan, then 31 / 2 years traveling through the Caucasus, whence came to Don and the Azov Sea; from Kremenchug, he went on an excursion in the Novorossiysk region and through Slobodsko-Ukrainian province in Bakhmut, . where, . via Kiev and Baturin, . returned to Moscow and St. Petersburg,
. Report on travel to all these places and makes the content of his diary, special richness different data Caucasus. Translated into Russian only excerpts of this work (in "Memoirs of Odes. History and Antiquities "," Kharkiv collection "on 1891-nd g. and newspaper Elizavetgradsky Herald). In addition, Gyuldenshtedt wrote a series of small books on natural sciences, which are listed in the preface to his "Reisen". D. B.