Desnitskaya Semen E.( Russian legal scholar, professor at Moscow University)
Comments for Desnitskaya Semen E.
Biography Desnitskaya Semen E.
Initial education in the Holy Trinity Monastery, then he was a student at Moscow University, . whence was sent to the Academy of Sciences, . and in 1761 sent to complete the education in England, listened to the jurisprudence of Glasgow, . mathematics, . chemistry, . history, obtained a doctorate in law and the title of honorary citizen and in 1768, Mr.,
. began teaching at Moscow University, Roman law, and then Russia's jurisprudence. First Professor of Russian, . Desnitskii first began to lecture in Russian, . that met with opposition from professors of foreign, . taught in the Latin language, this question has ascended to the Catherine II, . sided Desnitskaya,
. Like a true pupil of the British university, with special sympathy Desnitskii speaks on British laws and institutions and of England itself. Quite a different tone he said of Germany. Desnitskii makes fun of German scientists who attach great value to various scholastic subtleties. Highly of Hume and Adam Smith, Desnitskii dismissive about Puffendorfe, review all the more remarkable that Puffendorf then, and after a long time, served as a guide in all schools, where he taught law. This independent thinking Desnitskaya was all the more important that he had to lay the foundation for the study of Russia's jurisprudence. In this regard, of particular interest are two methodological Desnitskaya speech: "The word on the direct and immediate way of learning disability law" (Moscow, 1768) and "Legal arguments about the benefits of knowledge of domestic zakonoiskusstva" (Moscow, 1778). The lawyer, according Desnitskaya needed four science: a moralizing philosophy, natural law, Roman law and domestic law, the latter should be studied on the basis of comparative historical data. Desnitsky and provides samples of this study, . and although the material, . he had, . very meager, . but a replacement of abstract demonstrative method volfiantsev, . prevailed at the Moscow University, . comparative-historical research is a very serious merit,
. The same character of comparative-historical study of imprinted and other speech Desnitskaya: "The legal argument about the different concepts, . What are people on the property "(Moscow, . 1781), . where the establishment and development of the institution of property due to successive changes in economic life, "Legal reasoning about the beginning and the origin of marriage" (Moscow, . 1774), . where the author advocated the equality of men and women, "Word on the causes of death penalty in criminal cases" (Moscow, . 1770), "Legal reasoning about things sacred, etc." (Moscow, . 1772) and other,
. Top of his speech posted on I-Volume II "speech at Moscow University (Moscow, 1819). Desnitskii translated back to English, "Master, agricultural" Bowden (Moscow, 1780) and essays Blackstone. Desnitskii left professorial service in 1787, died in 1789.