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Dityatin Ivan Ivanovich

( Professor of Law and the history of Russian law)

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Biography Dityatin Ivan Ivanovich
photo Dityatin Ivan Ivanovich
(1847 - 1892)
Bourgeois in origin, brought up in the patriarchal family, it is only fortunate circumstances received his secondary education in the seventh St. Petersburg High School and then in 1866. entered the law faculty of Saint Petersburg University. Here Dityatin particularly interested in the lectures of Professor aq. Gradovsky, attracted the attention of their abilities and at the end of the course was abandoned at the university on the faculty of the State Law. Effect of lectures and published works Gradovsky left lasting marks on his students. Choosing a theme for his first academic work, . Dityatin took the example of a "history of local government in Russia" - a great work of his teacher, . and set out to trace the fate of the relations between central government and the organization of local societies,
. The basis of his work, organization and administration of cities in Russia. Volume I: City in the XVIII Century "(St. Petersburg, 1875) lay down the idea that the centralization of Moscow could not develop any strong group of self-governing local communities. Statement of values and the fate of the Petrine reforms fully confirmed and justified this idea also for the first time the Empire. Only transformation of Catherine II, we laid the beginning of the socio-urban management. In this work the author received a Master of state law and after that was appointed professor at the law school in Yaroslavl. Within 2 years he prepared a volume II of his study, which followed, largely on the basis of archival material, the fate of urban public management to reform of 1870. He received for this work in 1877. doctorate in Saint-Petersburg University. The following year he was elected a full professor in the department of history right in Kharkov University, where he remained until 1887, Mr.. During this decade, a professorship without interruption, and scientific and literary activities Dityatin. On the one hand, a number of journal articles and in particular published work, he returns to his old theme, which partly contributed to the celebration of the centennial of the Letters Patent cities. On the other hand, his attention is drawn to certain aspects of state organization in Moscow and during the period of the empire, especially the political role of the Zemsky Sobor and the impact of population on the legislation through petitions. On this basis Dityatin had a very big service to the Russian historical science, enriching it with new valuable material on the history and organization of the Zemsky Sobor: he found the documents relating to the cathedral in 1651, Mr.. on the accession of Little Russia, and among these documents - correspondence, explaining much of the organization of elected representation on the Zemsky Sobor. In a special article - "On the Zemsky Sobor XVII century" - the author of this material gave an exhaustive explanation and assessment. Professorship Dityatin courted him the sympathy of many disciples and closest friends. Strictly, a serious and demanding professor attracted to his lectures numerous audience than external qualities of a great interest the lecturer, but the original statement of opinion and expression. In 1887, Mr.. external circumstances forced him to leave the department at Kharkov University and two years to stop teaching. In 1889, Mr.. He was appointed professor of public law at the University of Dorpat, but this time joined the department already seriously ill, so it has repeatedly had to interrupt his course in autumn 1890. finally ceased lecturing. A detailed list of his works - cm. "Journal of the Ministry of National Education" (1893, N 1). M. D.


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Dityatin Ivan Ivanovich, photo, biography
Dityatin Ivan Ivanovich, photo, biography Dityatin Ivan Ivanovich  Professor of Law and the history of Russian law, photo, biography
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