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Vasily V. Dokuchaev

( The founder of Soil Science.)

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Biography Vasily V. Dokuchaev
photo Vasily V. Dokuchaev
(1846 - 1903). He graduated from the course in Physics and Mathematics at St. Petersburg University, where he later was a professor of mineralogy. Academic activities Dokuchaeva devoted mainly study the latest potretichnyh formations (alluvium) and soils of European Russia. From 1871 to 1877. they were a series of excursions in northern and central Russia and southern Finland, to study the geological structure, method and time of formation of river valleys and geology of the rivers. The result of these studies was a solid work: "Methods of education of the river valleys of European Russia". Dokuchaev gives here own hypothesis on the origin of a river valleys associated with the activities of gullies and ravines. In 1883, Mr.. came Dokuchaeva essay "Russian black earth", which examined in detail the distribution area, the method of origin, chemical composition of black soil, principles of classification and methods of investigation of this soil. In 1882, Mr.. Dokuchaev accepted the offer of Nizhny Novgorod Province Zemstvo produce, in the forms of a more correct pricing of land, complete study of the province of geology, soil and all natural-historical relations. This work was completed under the guidance of Dokuchaev in 6 years, and were the result of its 14 volumes "of material on the evaluation of land the Nizhny Novgorod region", with the soil and geological map. At the invitation of the provincial zemstvo, Dokuchaev investigated in 1888 - 1890 he. Poltava province. In 1892 - 1893 he. Dokuchaev, as chief of the special mission of the forest department, directs the geological and soil researches on experimental plots of the steppe of Southern Russia. The initiative and with the close assistance of Dokuchaev soil-based commission in Free Economic Society in which he was chairman, and natural history museums in Nizhny Novgorod and Poltava. In 1892 - 93 years Dokuchaev Acting Director novoaleksandriyskogo Institute and supervised its transformation into higher agricultural and forestry school. Works Dokuchaeva placed mainly in the writings of St. Petersburg Society of Naturalists and the Imperial Free Economic Society. Chief among them, . addition to the above: "Ravines and their significance" (1876), "Results of the Russian chernozem" (1877), "Cartography of Russian soil" (1879), "On the issue of the Siberian chernozem" (1882), "Schematic soil map of the chernozem zone of the European Russia "(1882)," On the normal assessment of soils of European Russia "(1887)," Materials on the evaluation of land province of Poltava "(Issues 1 - 13, . 1889 - 92); "On the relations between age and altitude, . one hand, . nature and distribution of chernozem, . forest lands and solonets, . the other "(1891);" Our steppes before and now "(1892).,


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Vasily V. Dokuchaev, photo, biography
Vasily V. Dokuchaev, photo, biography Vasily V. Dokuchaev  The founder of Soil Science., photo, biography
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