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Efimenko Chernyshevski

( prominent Russian historian and ethnographer, the first woman, received the degree of Doctor of Russian history honoris causa)

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Biography Efimenko Chernyshevski
photo Efimenko Chernyshevski
Born in 1848, studied at the Archangel High School, was a teacher in Kholmogory, where she married from there in exile Peter Savich Efimenko. Together with a. YA. began a thorough study of the legal system generally and home life of the Russian peasant population. Research Efimenko appeared at that time, when our historical literature in shaping the destiny of the Russian community, the old and eternal nature of the communal land tenure. Efimenko able to collect among the peasants of the Arkhangelsk province numerous private acts primarily XVI and XVII centuries, depicting the agricultural order of the time. After carefully considering them and subjecting them to detailed analysis, . Efimenko gave an excellent picture of agrarian relations in the XVI and XVII centuries, . pointing severally organization of the village, . from which, . as a maternal form, . developed later forms - homestead-ward and community,
. Supporters of the Populist theory, . prone to idealization of folk life, . Efimenko nevertheless, . as a strict scientist, . not always susceptible to their sympathies, drawing talent and great artistic paints her lovely features of the national life and people's "truth" (cm,
. its "back to the Labor Law of the Russian People"), it is not shut its eyes to the dark side of this "truth" is often sharply castigating them. Russian Science owes Efimenko. When in 1910. celebrated 40 years of scientific activity Efimenko, . Kharkov University lifted her doctorate in history honoris causa (in view of the, . that the university statute does not anticipate the case of construction of this degree of women, . University has been decided to plunge in the highest discretion),
. Since 1907, Mr.. Efimenko lectures at the St. Petersburg University for Women, and in 1910. elected (as a doctor of history), professor of the course. Proceedings of: "The dictionary of local dialects of the Arkhangelsk province" (1870), "Peasant landownership in the far north" (in "Studies of people's life", . 1884), "Studies of national life" (1884), numerous articles in Russian Thought, . "Kiev Antiquities", . Vestnik Evropy, . "Ethnographic Review", . "Word", . "Week" and others, "Gangs in the Arkhangelsk province (in the Collection of materials on cooperatives in Russia, . 1873 and 1874),
. Articles and research Efimenko published in 2 volumes under the title "South Russia" (1905). She has also written "History of the Ukrainian people" (St. Petersburg, 1906).


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Efimenko Chernyshevski, photo, biography
Efimenko Chernyshevski, photo, biography Efimenko Chernyshevski  prominent Russian historian and ethnographer, the first woman, received the degree of Doctor of Russian history honoris causa, photo, biography
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