Levitsky Gregory A.( Genetik.chlen Corresponding USSR)
Comments for Levitsky Gregory A.
Biography Levitsky Gregory A.
(19.11.1878 - 20.05.1942)
The son of a priest, was born in Kiev Province, graduated from the Mathematics and Physics Faculty of Kyiv University in 1902, a student SG Navashin. He started working as a laboratory of the Botanical Cabinet Kiev Polytechnic Institute, participated in the revolutionary movement (belonged to the Socialist-Revolutionaries), in this connection in 1907. arrested. After 8 months in prison has been sent to 3 years abroad. Link GA Zevyts'kiy used for continuing education and training in science. He worked in the laboratories and libraries in England, Germany, Italy and France, including in the March-April 1909. - In Russian Biological Station near Naples, and from April 1909 to August 1910. the Botanical Institute at the University of Bonn for the prominent cytologist E. Strasburgera. The conducted studies in this period proved the existence of mitochondria in plant cells. In 1911, Mr.. returned to Russia, continued to work in the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, and later in other higher educational institutions in Kiev. In 1924, Mr.. published the book "The material basis of heredity" - one of the first domestic textbooks on genetics. In 1925, Mr.. at the invitation of NI Vavilov moved to Leningrad, where he organized a laboratory of cytology VlR. Investigated cytological features of a wide range of crops, developed the problem of variability and evolution of chromosomes, defined the term "karyotype" (number, size and morphology of chromosomes, characteristic of this type). In 1932, Mr.. elected a corresponding member of USSR Academy of Sciences, in 1932-1934. worked in the Laboratory (Institute) Genetics, USSR Academy of Sciences. Conducted teaching career at the Pushkin Institute of Agricultural and at the Leningrad University (Department of Plant Genetics). In March 1933,. arrested and deported to Siberia, but in December the same year, received permission to return to Leningrad. Participated in discussions with Lysenkoists in 1936 and 1939. GA Levitsky was arrested June 28, 1941, the following year, died in prison, Zlatoust, Chelyabinsk region. He was also accused of belonging to a mythical "Workers 'and Peasants' Party and sabotage in the area of plant breeding and seed. Disciples GA Levitsky were: in the Kievan period of activity - FG Dobrzhanskii on Viru - founder of the Tomsk School Cytogenetics VP Chekhov and others.