POLIANSKY Yuriy( Genetics, Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences (RAS))
Comments for POLIANSKY Yuriy
Biography POLIANSKY Yuriy
(15.03.1904 - 26.06.1993)
Born in St. Petersburg, the son of a biologist and activist prosvescheniyaI.I.Polyanskogo. In 1921, Mr.. entered, and in 1924. LeningradskiyUniversitet graduated from the Department of Invertebrate Zoology, a disciple of VA Dogiel. V1925-1929. - Graduate Peterhof Biological Institute, LSU. S1927 Mr.. worked at the Department of Zoology of the Pedagogical Institute im.A.I.Gertsena (from 1933. - Head of Department), at the same time - vLeningradskom University. After the death of Professor AP Vladimir in 1939. YI Polyanskiyizbran head of the Department of Genetics and Experimental Zoology irukovodil it until the summer of 1941, when a volunteer went to narodnoeopolchenie. Great Patriotic War held at the Leningrad front in 1941-1943. - At the Neva Nickel, in the breakthrough blokady.Komandoval sanitary-epidemiological detachment. Back in 1945. the University, YI Polyansky was naznachenprorektorom LSU, at the same time continued to head the Department obscheybiologii and zoology at the Pedagogical Institute. YI Polyansky, being primarily a zoologist, vsegdainteresovalsya genetics, participated in the discussions (including with vdiskussii Lysenkoists in 1939), supported the geneticists. NaAvgustovskoy VASKhNIL session in 1948. report II Presenta vulvas bylprichislen to the leaders of "Mendelism-", and then was sacked izLGU and the Pedagogical Institute and expelled from the party (hereinafter egoisklyuchenie was not approved by higher authority). At the end of 1948. was invited to the Murmansk Biological Station AN, gdeprorabotal to 1952. In 1952, Mr.. worked in the Natural nauchnominstitute im.P.F.Lesgafta in Leningrad, at the end of that year staldirektorom Institute of Biology of Karelian-Finnish Branch of the USSR vPetrozavodske. Since 1953, Mr.. - Part-time professor kafedryzoologii invertebrates LSU. In 1956, Mr.. approved by the head of this department. Simultaneously, s1957 g. - Head of the Laboratory of Cytology of unicellular organisms izamestitel director of the newly established Institute of the USSR tsitologiiAN. Until the end of life actively worked in this institute. YI Polyansky studied the variability of ciliates, including long taknazyvaemye modification and thermal adaptation, and takzhekariologiyu protozoa and their evolution. The author of several manuals poprotozoologii and Parasitology, withstood a number of publications and perevedennyhna European languages. YI Polyansky, worked for many years vPedagogicheskom Institute, headed by team of authors of the textbook dlyasredney School General Biology "(1-ed. - 1966, 26-ed. - 1998., Translated into all languages of the Union republics of the USSR, French, Spanish and Portuguese). In this tutorial, YI Polyanskimnapisana chapter "Fundamentals of Genetics and Breeding". Disciples YI Polyansky in the field of genetics and were tsitologiiprosteyshih DV Osipov, IB Raikov, AL Yudin. Hero of Socialist Labor (1990).