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RAPOPORT Iosif Abramovich

( Genetics, Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences)

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Biography RAPOPORT Iosif Abramovich
(14.03.1912 - 31.12.1990)
After graduating from high school in Chernigov IA Rapoport studied vAgrozootehnicheskom college, and in 1930. Biologicheskiyfakultet enrolled at Leningrad University. In 1935-1938. - AspirantInstituta Experimental Biology in Moscow, worked podrukovodstvom Koltsov. In the same institute he worked until 1941 g.Uchastvoval in discussions with Lysenkoists in 1939. In 1941, Mr.. volunteer went to the front, showed isklyuchitelnuyuhrabrost, twice was seriously wounded, but returned to deystvuyuschuyuarmiyu. Doctoral dissertation defended in 1943. in Moscow in vremyaprohozhdeniya short courses at the Military Academy. The war ended vAvstrii, the detachment under his command, first-out connection snastupayuschey U.S. Army. He was awarded many medals, including chisleOrdenom Suvorov and the American Order of the Legion of Honor. In 1945-48 he. - The Institute of Cytology, Histology iembriologii. At the August meeting of Agricultural Sciences (1948), the most rezkovystupil against Lysenkoists, after which he was expelled from the party (vVKP (b) entered in 1943) and dismissed from the Academy of Sciences. In 1948-1957 gg.rabotal in geological organizations, in 1957-1990 he. - In Institutehimicheskoy Physics Academy of Sciences of the USSR, where he received the opportunity again zanimatsyagenetikoy. First studies IA Rapoport treated cytogenetics and kfenogenetike (receiving hemomorfozov Drosophila). IA Rapoport bylodnim of the discoverers of chemical mutagenesis (1946), vdalneyshem opened a number supermutagenov. Organized rabotypo extensive use of chemical mutagens in the practice selektsiiselskohozyaystvennyh plants. In 1979. elected a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, in 1984 g.poluchil Lenin Prize for the discovery and study of himicheskogomutageneza, in 1990. IA Rapoport was awarded the title Geroyasotsialisticheskogo Labor. IA Rapoport died, he was hit by a car on the street, kogdavozvraschalsya from work.


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