Khesin Roman Beniaminovich( Genetics, Corresponding Member of USSR Academy of Sciences)
Comments for Khesin Roman Beniaminovich
Biography Khesin Roman Beniaminovich
(24.03.1922 - 16.07.1985)
Born in Moscow. In 1939, Mr.. entered biological fakultetMoskovskogo University. In July 1941. he volunteered for the front after being wounded in 1943. discharged. Returned to the University, gdespetsializirovalsya the Department of Genetics at A.S.Serebrovskogo.Kandidatskuyu defended his thesis and 1948. Soon was dismissed from MSU. He was forced to change the direction of work in 1949. zanimalsyabiohimiey at the Institute of Biological and Medical Chemistry, Academy of Medical Sciences, gdevypolnil doctoral thesis on the biosynthesis of protein (defended in 1955.). In 1954-1955,. RB Khesin headed the Department of Biochemistry, Institute Kaunasskogomeditsinskogo. In 1956-1959 he. worked laboratoriiradiatsionnoy Genetics, Institute of Biophysics, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and since 1959. - VRadiobiologicheskom department of the Institute of Atomic Energy (1978 g. -Institute of Molecular Genetics, USSR Academy of Sciences). The first of RB Khesin devoted to the study of maternal effektav early embryonic development of Drosophila. Starting in the late 50th godovissledovanie biosynthesis of macromolecules in the infected cell fagamibakterialnoy, . RB Khesin showed, . that in the early development and pozdnihstadiyah phages formed different sets of m-RNA, . so samymdokazav, . that the regulation of protein synthesis is carried out by the inclusion ivyklyucheniya transcription of individual genes,
. Later RB Khesin egosotrudniki and continued to study the regulation of gene activity as ubaktery, and in cells of Drosophila. In particular, it was made tsiklissledovany genetic control and mechanism of regulation sintezaRNK polymerase. In the last years of life RB Khesin interesovalsyamobilnymi genetic elements, began to study bakterialnyhtranspozonov resistance to mercury, issued a summary of certain "Variability in the genome" (1984). Disciples RB Khesin were Gvozdev VA, VG Nikiforov, AA Prozorov, MF Shemyakin.