Zakrevskii Nikolay( archaeologist and ethnographer)
Comments for Zakrevskii Nikolay
Biography Zakrevskii Nikolay
a native of Kiev, his studies at Kharkov University, then studied law at Dorpat, was a teacher of Russian language in high school Revel. Zakrevskii is one of those ethnographers - lovers of old time, . which were far from any scientific understanding of the subject, . but fully imbued with the instinct, . without the benefit of science guessed the importance of national studies, . as scientific - for more a more reasonable social relations to the people,
. Their works are not only the first time, but also very valuable experience in the field of ethnography. The first work Zakrevskogo: "Annals and description of the city of Kiev" (M., . 1858; other, . considerably enlarged edition under the heading "Description of Kiev", . M., . 1868) - was the best book on its subject, . represents the mass of factual material, . a lot of fair and insightful views, . Although in general the historical views Zakrevskogo not go deeper Karamzin, . often inaccurate or completely wrong, . and from the mass of individual facts cited and the guidance does not create a seamless and coherent picture,
. Another work Zakrevskogo: "The Old bandore player" (M., 1860 - 1861) relates to the field of ethnography. In the preface Zakrevskii passionately defends the right malorossiyan have literature in their native language. In the first two parts, . on Little Russia and Galicia songs and thoughts, . proverbs, . proverbs and riddles, . little belongs to Zakrevsky, he wanted to combine scattered material, . to facilitate the public familiarity with the Little Russian nationalism,,
. In his collection of songs, which he sometimes would add social and historical commentary, Zakrewsky not chasing absolute ethnic group of origin, and placed next to the folk and popular songs from the literature, for example, Kotlyarevskogo. In the third part of "bandore player" just more of the very Zakrevskogo. This is a fairly extensive "vocabulary idioms Little Russia", in the number 11127 - the fruit of 20 years works Zakrevskogo. In the preface he dwells on issues of early Little Russian language, in local dialects and t. forth, without acquaintance with the scientific method of philology, but not without the practical knowledge and common sense. At the end attached to a long list of old monuments and modern works, published in Russia and Galicia, from which he derived his Zakrevskii lexical material, the names of books are often enclosed a summary of their evaluation. At the time this list was a fairly complete overview of Little Russian literature. In general dictionary unsatisfactory; many words attributed entirely wrong; noticeable that the originator, in his youth left Little Russia, and partly forgot her language. Nevertheless dictionary Zakrevskogo remains a useful material for a future full Little-Russian dictionary.