Zarubin Pavel( Academic self-taught mechanic)
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Biography Zarubin Pavel
(1816 - 1886). Kostroma tradesman, as a child learned to read and write with a weak and incompetent care mother. His life flowed mostly in the service of land surveying department. In 1842, Mr.. Zarubin determined to serve in the Kostroma provincial drawing, in 1854, Mr.. moved to Moscow in the Land Survey Office, a senior surveying assistant, from 1858 to 1860. served as a surveyor in the Department of principalities. The entire period of service was held for Zarubina with great trouble and misery, the source of which lay in the precision instruments invented by them for the correct measurement and accurate application to the paper, the measured surface area. Plans jury surveyors echoed in actual fact Zarubina, which through the instrument of his invention, found the plans for the infidels, which greatly aroused against him planners. In 1864, Mr.. Zarubin counted among the Ministry of State Property, which, in the position of Assistant Director of the Imperial Agricultural Museum, served until 1883, Mr.. And here he had to endure quite a few of the people envied him his ability to inventions. In 1853, Mr.. Zarubin presented to the Academy of Sciences of several inventions of instruments relating to the case of boundary. The Academy awarded the Demidov Prize of the invention, a description of their published at his own expense. Demidov Prize was awarded and his planimeter-scooter (1855). Imperial Free Economic Society awarded gold medals it: mnogosilny atomizer (1866) and vodopodemnik (1867). All-Russia Exhibition in 1882, Mr.. also awarded a medal of his farm fire pump. For lack of funds, . not Zarubina invention, the following: 1) several new planimeter 2) the method of determining the depth of the sea at a very deep places without the mediation of lin or a rope, and 3) the method of determining the speed of the ship, . at every moment, . through the needle and dial in the cabin, and 4) the same by means of musical sounds, 5) an automatic method of determining the path traversed by the spacecraft at different speeds and 6) self-regulating constant in length at all temperatures pendulum,
. Of the printed Zarubin articles mention: "How to solve the simple Russian people, the question of communal ownership of land" ( "Proceedings of the Imperial Free Economic Society", . 1865), "On the water-raising machines in general" (the same, . 1866), "Theory of fire pumps (the same)," Determination of the density of air at different altitudes "(" Nature and Hunting ", . 1878); "The device seconds pendulum" (the same), "Scientific permit the issue of sewage St. Petersburg project Lindley" (brochure, . 1886),
. In memory Zarubina Imperial Free Economic Society, established a gold medal. F. K.