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Zasulich Vera

( Writer)

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Biography Zasulich Vera
photo Zasulich Vera
(27.VII.1849, s.Mihaylovka Gzhatsk district of Smolensk province-8.V.1919, Petrograd)
Ally GV. Plekhanov public and political activities. He spent his childhood in the village Byakolovo the same county. Acquainted with SG Nechaev, opposed his plans zagovorschiskih. In January, 1869. a letter received from Nechaeva from abroad, was arrested and up to March 1871. was incarcerated. Exiled to the province of Novgorod, then - in Tver and Kostroma province. In December 1873,. moved to Kharkov. In 1875, Mr.. joined the Populist Party of Kiev "rebels". January 24, 1878, Mr.. shot in the St. Petersburg mayor F.F. Trepov ordered the corporal punish the accused student. After the acquittal by a jury (31.III.1878), the migrated. In 1879, Mr.. returned to Russia, joined the "reapportionment". In January 1880. went abroad in 1883. joined the group "Emancipation of Labor" GV. Plekhanov. Actively translated into Russian By. Marx and F. Engels, carried on correspondence with them, was printed in the democratic and Marxist journals. At the end of 1899. arrived illegally in Russia. Liaised with the Russian Marxists, got acquainted with the VI. Lenin. Was a member of the Leninist version of the newspaper "Iskra" and the magazine "Zarya". Z. - One of the prominent figures of the Mensheviks.

As a literary critic was actively promoting the ideological and literary heritage of the 1860-ies. (article "DI. Pisarev and N.A. Dob "," Fortress lining "progressive speeches, etc.). A researcher who died early in the creation of a democratic writer SM. Krawczynski ( "The novels Stepniak" Career of a nihilist, "" Shtundist Pavel Rudenko, Sergei Mikhailovich Krawczynski (Stepniak) "). Was in the editorial board of Iskra, etc.. Social-Democratic newspapers.

Lit.: Zasulich VI. Memoirs. - M., 1931; SIE. - T. 5; Kovnator R.A. VI. Zasulich (the history of Russian criticism) / / Zasulich VI. Articles about Russian literature. - M., 1960.


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