ZDZEHOVSKY Marian (Zdziechowski)( famous Polish writer)
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Biography ZDZEHOVSKY Marian (Zdziechowski)
professor of the Cracow University Department of Slavic philology and comparative literature. Born in 1861,. in the Minsk province, higher education in St. Petersburg, Tartu and the University of Cracow. His article is "On the ideals of Mickiewicz and Krasinskoe in comparison with the Russian Slavophilism" (in St. Petersburg Polish magazine "Kraj", 1882) served as the basis for a book he published in Russian under the pseudonym "M. Ursinus: "Sketches from the psychology of the Slavic tribe" (1887). Zdzehovsky brings to his works a strong subjective element of ethical preaching, which reduces the value of his critical analysis. He deeply respects, however, sincere belief, however strongly they disagreed with his own. True to Catholicism, he admires Shelley, despite his atheism, and high regard for "Christian anarchism" L. Tolstoy. Slavophil in an ideal sense, Zdzehovsky did much to familiarize the Polish society with the literary, cultural and political life of the Slavic peoples. Many of his works appeared simultaneously in the Polish and Russian languages. Excellent study "Byron and his age" (in which many pages are devoted to Pushkin and Lermontov) originally printed in the Journal of Europe ". The most outstanding works Zdzehovskogo: "Mesyanisci i sloaianofile" (1888); "Byron i jego wiek" (t. I, "Europa zachodnia", 1894; t. II, . "Czechy, . Rosja, . Polska ", . 1897); "Szkice literacke" (1900); "Szkice historyczne" (1901); "Religia i szuka" (1902); "Odrodzenie Chorwacyi" (1904); "Pestis perniciosissima" (1905, . new trends in Catholicism, . Polish and German), . "Wizja Krasinskiego" (1912),
. In Russian, under the same pseudonym: "Religious and political ideals of the Polish society, with a foreword by LN. Tolstoy "(Leipzig, 1896). In 1905 and 1906. Zdzehovsky participated in the liberation movement, in this regard appeared to open correspondence with L.F. Panteleyev (in the newspapers "News" and "Dawn"), then a series of articles on the Polish question in the Moscow weekly "Books EH. Trubetskoy and in the same journal essays on the modernist movement in the Roman Catholic Church. - In 1907, Mr.. released German translation etudes Zdzehovskogo on the main currents of Russian culture: "Die Grundprobleme Rucclands" (Vienna). Polish collection of sketches, with additions, came only in 1912, under the title "U opok mesyanizma". YA. B. de For.