BichurinNikita Yakovlevich( Monk, the famous Russian sinologist)
Comments for BichurinNikita Yakovlevich
Biography BichurinNikita Yakovlevich
(1777 - 1853).
Educated in the Kazan Theological Seminary. In 1800, Mr.. haircut in monks. In 1807, Mr.. appointed head of the 9-th Beijing spiritual mission. Upon his return in 1822, Mr.. St. Petersburg, for the omission of the service in Beijing, was defrocked by Archimandrite and spent 4 years in exile in the Valaam Monastery. In 1826, Mr.. determined a translator of Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Works Iakinf can be divided into 3 groups: 1) translations and extracts from Chinese sources, . Canons: "Description of Tibet in its present condition" (St. Petersburg, . 1828), "The history of the first four Genghis Khans of the house" (1829), "Description of Beijing" (1828), "Description of Chzhungarii and East Turkistan" (1828), "Historical review and Kalmyk Oirat from XV century to the present time" (1834 ), "Collection of information about the peoples, . lived in Central Asia in ancient times "(3 hours, . 1851) and others, 2) journal articles, . is an intermediate step to an independent research, . example, . "Looking at education in China" (Journal of the Ministry of National Education ", . h,
. 18, . ? 5 - 6) and 3) original works: "Notes on Mongolia" (1828), . China, . its inhabitants, . manners, . customs, . education "(1840), . "Statistical description of the Chinese Empire" (2 parts, . 1842), . "China in a civil and moral condition" (1848), . "The Chinese Grammar, . Han-take out the ca-Min "(1838),
. Distinguished generally significant advantages, . Proceedings Iakinf sin only excessive credulity of the author to Chinese sources, and sometimes a tendency to not sufficiently substantiated his findings, and these works have long been a Russian major sources for the study of China,
. - Wed. "Autobiography" (Studies of the Academy of Sciences ", t. III); "O.I. Bichurin "(St. Petersburg Vedomosti, 1853," 130, Article. N. Shchukin); "O.I. Bichurin "(Kazan, 1886) and others